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The deepest report: Bitmain's self-help history

The deepest report: Bitmain's self-help history
The original intention of this article is to let readers understand the causes and consequences of Bitmain internal fighting, but after writing it, I found that it is not so much internal fighting as it is a long history of self-help.
The story is very long. Let's adjust the timeline to the eve of December 17, 2018. That was one of Bitmain's most critical moments and the beginning of a series of subsequent stories.
1. Self-immolation In September 2018, Bitmain's financial department warned management that the company's cash flow has become very tight and operating costs must be reduced to allow the company to continue. The blockchain unicorn, which is valued at more than 15 billion U.S. dollars, is crippled in the run and struggling to break the corner.
In 2017, Bitmain made a profit of 1 billion US dollars In the first half of 2018, Bitmain made a profit of 1 billion US dollars Three rounds of financing, a total of 800 million US dollars Net assets should exceed 3 billion U.S. dollars In September 2018, Bitmain had tight cash flow and was on the verge of bankruptcy
A simple comparison, it is not difficult to see that Bitmain's ability to make money is incredible, and its ability to burn money is even more extreme.
How does Bitmain burn money? Do you pour cash into gasoline and burn it, or hire a lot of employees to stuff the banknotes one by one into the shredder? The actual situation is closer to the latter.
The following data can help readers quickly learn Bitmain's money burning skills.
At the beginning of 2018, the entire cryptocurrency market has entered a bear market, but Bitmain's monthly operating costs have been rising wildly. Operating costs have risen from 10 million US dollars at the beginning of the year to 50 million US dollars at the end of the year.
Large-scale expansion of the R&D team is one of the main reasons. The HR who once worked at Bitmain revealed that the company once hired more than 50 employees a day and nearly 500 employees a month. Even so, it was criticized for its slow recruitment speed. The cash consumption in this area is approximately $250 million.
Operating costs are just the tip of the iceberg. Excessive chip trial production can become a classic case of project management courses. Readers who pay attention to Cryptocurrency mining can easily find that Bitmain is still working hard to clear the inventory of Antminer S9 in 2019. As the co-CEO, Ketuan Zhan did not listen to the advice or even warnings of the Finance Department, insisting on the implementation of Excessive chip trial production, resulting in a large accumulation of inventory and tight capital turnover. Another CEO, Jihan Wu, once revealed that the loss of Excessive chip trial production to the company was approximately US$1.5 billion.
Large-scale expansion of the R&D team is one of the main reasons. The HR who once worked at Bitmain revealed that the company once hired more than 50 employees a day and nearly 500 employees a month. Even so, it was criticized for its slow recruitment speed. The cash consumption in this area is approximately $250 million.
The BM1393 chip incident is even more incredible. Chip expert Ketuan Zhan invested a lot of money on a failed chip, and finally failed again. From 2017 to 2018, Bitmain has failed Trial production of mining machine chips at least 4 times, including 16nm, 12nm and 10nm chips, of which 16nm Trial production failed twice, thus losing at least US$1.2 billion.
It is rumored that Bitmain still holds a billion U.S. dollars worth of cryptocurrency in a state of floating loss. In view of the rebound in the market in 2020, we will not comment temporarily, waiting for the correct answer from the cryptocurrency market. But the losses pointed out in the previous article are all irreversible.
2. Sole power
In September 2018, Bitmain's management realized the seriousness of the problem. It turned out that the company's money could be squandered. As a result, the management began to discuss self-help plans, and the most reasonable and effective way was obviously to lay off employees.
The probation period for newly hired employees at Bitmain is half a year, and the probationary salary is 100% of the official salary, there is no difference. Once layoffs are made, new employees who have not passed the probationary period will be the main layoff targets. The department managed by Ketuan Zhan will face large-scale layoffs. The layoff plan is strongly opposed by Ketuan Zhan. Bitmain can only temporarily abandon the layoffs and replace it with continuous reductions. For marketing and travel expenses, a budget committee was established to strictly approve every expenditure. At the same time, employee benefits, such as reimbursement of taxi expenses, breakfast supply, snacks and drinks, etc., have also been abolished, and even the tradition of giving employees 400 yuan worth of BTC/BCH every month has been stopped.
In the face of huge cash flow pressure, trivial savings is obviously of no avail. Soon, the management again discussed the layoff plan, and it has reached the point where it has to be laid off.
In December 2018, Jihan Wu began to organize all entrepreneurial veterans and business backbones to persuade Ketuan Zhan to agree to layoffs, but Ketuan Zhan still insisted not to layoffs. The persuasion process was very unsuccessful. After many meetings and intense debates, Bitmain executives were caught in a dilemma of wasting time with Ketuan Zhan.
In this process, the shortcomings of the dual CEO system began to appear, and the relationship between the two CEOs gradually deteriorated.
On the night of December 16th, Ketuan Zhan reconvened the management meeting, and more than 30 managements who were present were asked to hand over their mobile phones. At this time, Jihan Wu was on a business trip in Hong Kong and was busy with listing related work.
In the meeting, Ketuan Zhan's core content was three items:
(1) Bitmain cannot have two CEOs, only one CEO and must be Ketuan Zhan. Ketuan Zhan said that he met an old leader during a business trip. He hadn't seen each other for many years. The old leader suggested that the company can only have one CEO, and it must be him. Ketuan Zhan feels that this is a kind of fate, an opportunity given by God.
(2) Ketuan Zhan believes that the company's cash flow problems, the biggest responsibility is the inability of the financial department. To prove his point, Ketuan Zhan announced Bitmain's financial data at the meeting. In the evening, employees in Taiwan began to post messages on social media, saying that the company's capital chain was broken and the top management was split.
(3) If Ketuan Zhan is not supported, the option will be cancelled and the equity will be voided.
Hearing about this, Jihan Wu, who lives in Hong Kong, sent a WeChat message to the management who are attending the meeting.

https://preview.redd.it/zkj2d44tqid51.jpg?width=1080&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=9251c1f7308e155d7911d5969e71091a5ad5e14a
On the afternoon of December 17, 2018, Jihan Wu returned to Beijing to negotiate with Ketuan Zhan all night, and finally reached a consensus in the early morning. Bitmain co-founder Yuesheng Ge announced the results of the negotiations. Jihan Wu and Ketuan Zhan ceased to serve as CEOs, and Haichao Wang served as CEO. Jihan Wu voluntarily backed down and Ketuan Zhan served as chairman.
The "12.17 Incident" had a very bad impact on Bitmain, especially the disclosure of Bitmain's financial status, which caused vendors to start dunning. The loan that had just been negotiated with the Bank of Beijing was cancelled the next day. Jihan Wu's resignation as CEO caused an uproar in the industry, and it became a hot topic among Cryptocurrency mining, blockchain practitioners, and investor communities. The media focused their interpretation on Bitmain's series of incidents, and generally looked down upon its ongoing Hong Kong IPO, believing that the high-level changes had already signaled the failure of the IPO in advance.
On Christmas December 24, 2018, Bitmain finally began to implement the layoff plan. This long-delayed “correct decision” was achieved after a stalemate for nearly three months. The AI ​​teams in Beijing, Singapore, Taiwan, and Shanghai have laid off more than 50% of their employees. The Israeli R&D center was closed and Shenzhen New Species Technology Co., Ltd., which had been acquired for only ten months, was dissolved, and all employees were laid off. Copernicus, Bitmain's top blockchain development team, was not spared and was wiped out in this layoff. Copernicus and some of the laid-off employees joined the new company Matrixport co-founded by Jihan Wu and Yuesheng Ge, headquartered in Singapore.
3. Past events when starting a business
After the "12.17 Incident", Jihan Wu gradually faded out of Bitmain's management affairs and turned his attention to the IPO and new company. And this is one of Jihan Wu's major mistakes, he began to let Ketuan Zhan manage Bitmain alone.
In fact, as early as 2013, Jihan Wu planted hidden dangers.
Jihan Wu, an investment banker, was the earliest translator of the Bitcoin white paper. He began to get involved in the cryptocurrency mining industry in 2012. The disappearance of Kaomao and Nangua Zhang's ticket skipping led Jihan Wu to decide to develop his own chip.
In 2013, Jihan Wu established his own mining machine company. Together with Yuesheng Ge, who was only 20 years old, he found Ketuan Zhan, an integrated circuit designer of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, to create the protagonist of this article, and later the digital Cryptocurrency mining giant, Bitmain.
Jihan Wu promised Ketuan Zhan that every time a mining machine chip was successfully developed, he would give some shares to the Ketuan Zhan team. At that time, the company founded by Ketuan Zhan was on the eve of falling apart. In order to regroup the team, Ketuan Zhan promised to share half of his shares with the team members. Unfortunately, this is just a bad check. With the rapid development of Bitmain and higher and higher valuations, the expanding Ketuan Zhan almost monopolized all the shares.
Like many startups, Bitmain encountered many difficulties in its early days, and many jobs had to be done by the boss. For example, in the chip design and production process in the second half of 2013, Bitmain was caught in a dilemma of insufficient funds. Jihan Wu personally raised funds and met with TSMC’s sales to persuade TSMC to accept the production needs of a start-up company. Jihan Wu also participated in the selection of the thermodynamic parameters of the heat sink in the Antminer S1.
In 2014, Jihan Wu discovered that this company was independently operated by Ketuan Zhan, which had huge problems. Forcing Jihan Wu to continue to participate in company management.
At that time, Bitmain's mining machine chips had just achieved a certain lead in the standard design process. Jihan Wu believes that the next step must be to develop full customization technology, but Ketuan Zhan plans to invest resources in the research of mobile payment chips.
Ketuan Zhan met a mysterious person from the Party Central Security Bureau who claimed to be able to manipulate the Party Central Committee’s decision-making process for the next generation of mobile payment cryptography standards, but this direction is likely to lead to the fact that Bitmain has just gained the lead in the mining machine market. Regained.
Jihan Wu said that as a graduate of the School of Economics, with a little memory of his high school stage and the knowledge reserve of a computer technology amateur, he retrieves various materials and papers every day, learns theories related to full customization, and goes to Ketuan Zhan conducts persuasion work there.
Fortunately, in the direction of full customization technology, Ketuan Zhan finally listened to Jihan Wu's opinion. Bitmain quickly integrated the technical experts from the United States and Russia introduced by Jihan Wu, which greatly improved the design level of chips and complete machines.
In 2015, Jihan Wu suggested that Ketuan Zhan consider the direction of artificial intelligence. But Ketuan Zhan is not here, he prefers the CPU direction. After staying asleep at night, coupled with in-depth analysis by the Bitmain investment team, Ketuan Zhan finally agreed with this direction. It is a pity that after the Tianshi Chen brothers made major breakthroughs in theory and practice, Bitmain officially invested in the relevant direction, and it was still a step behind.
In the two years from 2016 to 2017, Bitmain's business performance has achieved rapid development, becoming a unique super unicorn in the blockchain industry. According to Froth & Sullivan, in 2017, Bitmain Technology Holdings was the second largest fabless chip design company in China and the tenth largest fabless chip design company in the world, and the fourth largest fabless ASIC chip design company in the world, accounting for 74.5% of global cryptocurrency market share.
However, the huge crisis has long been buried in the early days of entrepreneurship.
Ketuan Zhan's decision on major directions revealed his weakness of extremely lack of business understanding. But every mistake he made was blocked by the company's core employees. His overconfidence in his management ability led to the gradual intensification of conflicts, and the management differences between the two founders became more serious.
4.The giant gets lost
The contradiction between the two broke out on December 17, 2018. Ketuan Zhan used extreme means to force the management to compromise with him by canceling the option, so as to achieve the goal of sole control of the company. Jihan Wu returned to Beijing from Hong Kong overnight and negotiated with Ketuan Zhan all night. In the end, the two resigned as CEO. Jihan Wu retired. Ketuan Zhan has the exclusive rights of chairman in exchange for the implementation of the layoff plan.
Jihan Wu's voluntary retreat has intensified Ketuan Zhan's management to do whatever he wants.
A Bitmain employee commented on Ketuan Zhan's management skills, summed up in two letters-SM.
After becoming the sole helm of the company, Ketuan Zhan quickly "rectified" the department in charge of Jihan Wu as the chairman of the board. He guided the sales of mining machines at the dinner, and pointed out that the sales performance is not due to the sales staff. Ability is strong, but the company provides opportunities. Take two sales leaders as examples, saying that if the company hadn't given the opportunity, they would still be losers. In addition, Ketuan Zhan also instructed the sales staff on how to toast and imparted the wine table culture and experience.
After the meal, Ketuan Zhan came to the conclusion that the quality of Bitmain sales staff was too poor, and Huawei’s blood needs to be injected to drive the company’s progress. Soon, the marketing and sales director from Huawei officially took over Bitmain, opening the era of brand premium for Antminer.
In order to further understand and guide the sales work, Ketuan Zhan asked to meet the customers with the sales staff. During the negotiation process, Ketuan Zhan had a heated discussion with customers on the issue of Chinese and Western medicine, and had also forced the sales staff to be able to ship 10,000 machines due to insufficient production capacity.
Although the requirements for sales personnel are strict, Ketuan Zhan has provided a lot of convenience for "Mainland Ark". In addition to selling mining machines at a more favorable price, Bitmain's mining machines are also hosted in Ming Wang at a higher price than the market price. Mine. It is reported that both Ketuan Zhan and Ming Wang are shareholders of Ark.
The new sales strategy of Huawei's executives has also brought very obvious changes to Bitmain. The self-righteous brand premium reduces the price-performance ratio of Antminer, causing competing products to eat away at Bitmain's market share. Later, Bitmain found that the strategy was wrong and started to cut prices, and found that the mining machine market was saturated and the purchase demand of miners had decreased.
More dangerous than the sales strategy is that the technical advantages of Antminer are being chased by competing products, and even overtaken. At the same time, the two mining pools under Bitmain also lost their first and second positions. The AI ​​business, which Jihan Wu placed high hopes and Ketuan Zhan personally supervised, became a laughing stock in the industry. Not only did it fail to make a profit, it almost brought down Bitmain.
Blindly introducing senior executives from Huawei to occupy important positions completely destroys the company's internal cultural foundation. The bureaucracy within Bitmain began to corrode from high-level employees to ordinary employees. Ketuan Zhan is not aware of this. He is still keen on recruiting Huawei employees, imitating Huawei's organizational structure and strategy, letting HR do sales and R&D personnel to do HR.
The organizational structure adjustment in October 2019 was the fuse for Ketuan Zhan to completely anger Bitmain management. This time, Ketuan Zhan completely marginalized Bitmain’s veteran employees, and suddenly promoted some of the “airborne soldiers” who had just joined the company to the position of person in charge, which caused the former person in charge to report to the new employees. The two managers who were originally equal The hierarchy becomes the subordinate relationship, the operation and development of different business lines are merged into a large department, the upward reporting process becomes more cumbersome, and the relationship between employees becomes delicate.
5. Headwind
On October 29, 2019, Jihan Wu urgently held a staff meeting. Prior to this, the legal representative of Beijing Bitmain has been changed to Jihan Wu, including the parent companies Hong Kong Bitmain and Cayman Bitmain. Jihan Wu stood in the lobby of Building 25, B1, announcing that Ketuan Zhan has been relieved of all duties. Any employee in the Bitmain Group shall no longer execute Ketuan Zhan’s instructions and participate in any meetings convened by Ketuan Zhan. If there is any violation, the company will demotion and expel the company based on the severity of the circumstances. If losses are caused to the company, the company will be held accountable.
Jihan Wu's speech is very long, which can be summarized as follows:
(1) Ketuan Zhan has been relieved of all duties. Also expelled from the original Huawei company HR Zhi Wang introduced by Ketuan Zhan at the end of 2018. Zhi Wang’s reputation on Bitmain was extremely poor and was ridiculed by employees as "nine thousand years" (In ancient China, the emperor was called "ten thousand years old", and the prince was "eight thousand years old." However, in the Ming Dynasty, there was an eunuch who caused harm to the country and the people. He called himself "nine thousand years old", meaning that he was only A little lower than the emperor's level).
(2) Ketuan Zhan's ability to control the company's option incentive plan has disappeared, and it is no longer possible to cancel employees' options at will.
(3) The organizational structure adjustment plan led by Ketuan Zhan was suspended.
(4) We are optimistic about the future of AI business, but the premise is that the main business can continue to make profits in order to support the company's continued investment in AI business.
In the speech, Jihan Wu also told employees the whole story of the "12.17 Incident" and bluntly said that the company is not in good condition. If no measures are taken, Bitmain is likely to go bankrupt in three quarters and he must come back to save the company.
At this time, Ketuan Zhan, who was on a business trip in Shenzhen, finally experienced the situation of Jihan Wu in the "12.17 Incident".
After the official return, Jihan Wu began to clearly point out the company's various problems in operation and management, and went deep into each business line to understand the situation. In the mining machine sales department meeting, employees spoke enthusiastically, reflecting on the difficulties and opinions encountered in the work, the marketing and sales director from Huawei asked with a surprised look, "Why didn't these issues be reported to me before?", and soon , The director was interviewed and "voluntarily resigned."
On November 2, 2019, Jihan Wu announced a salary increase for all employees. Bitmain’s last salary increase dates back to 2018. In principle, Bitmain has two salary increases every year.
On November 7, 2019, Ketuan Zhan spoke on social media for the first time, describing his hardship in starting a business, and condemning Jihan Wu for “stabbing a knife in the back”. At the end of the article, he also set himself a KPI for 2020, that is, the mining machine market share will reach 90%, and the AI ​​business will earn 1 billion.
But Ketuan Zhan's majestic plan did not make Bitmain employees feel emotional, but ridiculed him instead. Employees exposed that he insulted employees, advocated Chinese medicine, believed in Buddhism, drank in meetings, practiced Qigong...
However, there is less than half a year before the halving of Bitcoin production, and the cryptocurrency market shows no signs of recovery, which makes Bitmain management very anxious.
On January 6, 2020, Bitmain ushered in another round of layoffs, with a layoff ratio of about 1/3. This time the layoffs have caused many employees who have just increased their salaries to feel very grieved. On the one hand, they were looking forward to Jihan Wu's return. On the other hand, the compensation for this layoff was less than 18 years.
Ketuan Zhan, who has been unable to enter the Bitmain office area, once again spoke on social media and firmly opposed to layoffs. We do not need to lay off staff and we cannot commit suicide.
During the Spring Festival, Covid-19 broke out. Mainland China has begun to extend the Spring Festival holiday and advocate working from home. Under the chain reaction caused by Covid-19, most companies have chosen to cut salaries or even lay off employees. In the first two months of 2020, China's exports fell by 17%, U.S. stocks were broken four times in a row, Bitcoin plunged 40% in 24 hours on March 12, 2020, and crude oil futures fell by 300% on April 20, 2020...
Obviously, Jihan Wu can't predict, but this layoff seems to be the right decision again. In addition, from January to April 2020, Bitmain's revenue exceeded US$400 million amid the spread of Covid-19 and the collapse of the financial market.
6. Fight to the death
When Jihan Wu tried to get the company back on track, Ketuan Zhan was not helpless. On April 28, 2020, Ketuan Zhan finally rolled back the legal representative of Beijing Bitmain to before October 28, 2019 by repeatedly submitting administrative reconsiderations, and restored his status as a legal representative.
On the morning of May 8, 2020, a piece of news about Bitmain quickly appeared on the real-time hot search rankings, and even dominated the headlines of the day. At window 52 on the second floor of the Haidian District Government Affairs Center, when Ketuan Zhan, the legal person of Beijing Bitmain Company, was receiving the business license, a group of unidentified people snatched the business license from the industrial and commercial administrative staff. A source at the scene said that the number of unidentified people in the group was about 60 people, of which Luyao Liu was directing at the scene.
This is a skillful piece of news. It first leads readers to think that Ketuan Zhan is a victim, using 60 people to grab business licenses as the focus. The masses accused Jihan Wu of lawlessness, but ignored whether the government affairs center could have 60 personnel. As for Hong Kong Bitmain to have the right to appoint a representative to obtain a business license, this is a deeper level of thinking.
The follow-up report restored the real situation at the scene. Only more than ten people were present, and both sides were equipped with security personnel. Bitmain employees also broke the news in the circle of friends, claiming that Ketuan Zhan's bodyguard had injured Bitmain's authorized person, and said in a threatening tone, "Be careful!"
However, the subsequent plot reversal did not have much effect. Jihan Wu's reputation has been greatly affected. From a bloody soldier who rescued the company in trouble to a lawless criminal, it can be said to be a world of war. do not.
Ketuan Zhan, who succeeded in the first battle, began to counterattack Bitmain continuously. On the afternoon of June 3, 2020, Ketuan Zhan led a team to pry open the back door of the Beijing Bitmain office and formally occupied the deserted Beijing headquarters.
On June 4, 2020, Ketuan Zhan called on Bitmain employees to resume work and promised to expand the company's market value to more than US$50 billion within three to five years. After that, Ketuan Zhan began to contact employees by phone, trying to acquire the options in the hands of employees at a valuation of 4 billion US dollars.
Subsequently, Ketuan Zhan recalled Huawei's executives and issued a series of personnel appointments and removals. As of June 9, 2020, Ketuan Zhan has successively eliminated CFO Luyao Liu, and Wenguang Wang, the head of the mining center. Luyao Liu is responsible for controlling Bitmain's IPO plan. He also appointed Yanwu Ma as the HR director, Gang Ren as the head of the mining center, Yonggang Sun as the head of the supply chain, Ling Gu as the financial director, and Bin Zhu as the head of the mining machine business department. Bin Zhu is the senior executive of Huawei who was interviewed and left as mentioned in the previous article. During his tenure, he reduced Antminer’s 90% market share to 50%, and received a large number of complaints from miners. Internal employees once speculated that he might be Compete against the spies sent by the company.
In addition to recalling senior executives of Huawei, Ketuan Zhan also urged employees to return to work. They can receive a bonus of 10,000 yuan when they return to work on the same day, which is only half the next day. Ketuan Zhan showed a very kind side. Every time the elevator door is opened, Ketuan Zhan's hot gaze can be met, shaking hands, taking photos, and receiving money. As there is no personnel information, Ketuan Zhan does not know whether the person receiving the money is a Bitmain employee, and these people did not resume work the next day.
The effect of gentleness was not good, Ketuan Zhan began to force employees to return to work. Seeing that there are still very few respondents, Ketuan Zhan threatened employees through SMS, phone calls, EMS, emails and other harassment, issued multiple threats such as termination of contract, suspension of payment of social insurance, suspension of wages, and even used personal information saved by employees to form a group of employees. Domicile threats, requiring employees to perform "work handover", trying to force employees to return work computers, etc.
On June 10, 2020, the media revealed that Ketuan Zhan had controlled Bitmain's Shenzhen factory and prohibited employees from delivering normal shipments to paid customers, which caused difficulties in the operation of the Bitmain mining machine department.
On June 13, 2020, Hong Kong Bitmain, the parent company of Beijing Bitmain, issued a statement accusing Ketuan Zhan of signing a "Sales Agency Agreement" with the Ark Data Technology Co., Ltd. in which it holds shares, in an attempt to embezzle Beijing Bit's assets.
On June 17, 2020, the media revealed that Ketuan Zhan started selling 14,000 T17+ series mining machines at low prices.
On June 20, 2020, Hong Kong Bitmain officially suspended the supply of chips to the Shenzhen factory.
On July 13, 2020, in the "A Letter to All My colleagues in the Shenzhen Factory" released by Bitmain in Hong Kong, more details were added on the series of Ketuan Zhan's actions in June.
The legal person Feng Zhou of the Shenzhen plant is related to Ketuan Zhan. After being relieved of Ketuan Zhan's post, Jihan Wu flew to Shenzhen to have a long talk with Feng Zhou. Jihan Wu believes that Feng Zhou is the right person to manage the factory and help the company overcome difficulties, and decides to leave Feng Zhou to continue to manage the factory.
This wrong decision staged a story of a farmer and a snake. When Ketuan Zhan began to counterattack Bitmain, Feng Zhou was also quickly instigated and began to assist Ketuan Zhan in seizing customer machines and transferring 17,000 T17 mining machines in the warehouse. Hainan Continental Ark Data Technology Co., Ltd., which is held by Ketuan Zhan, sold them at a low price.
In order to protect the interests of customers, Jihan Wu had to make a compromise and paid the payment for some goods to a bank account controlled by Ketuan Zhan in exchange for delivery. However, after the other party received a payment of 109 million, the delivery stopped. On July 8, 2020, 5600 mining machines have been overdue.
At the same time, the factory defaulted on suppliers’ accounts payable as much as 200 million yuan. Bank acceptance bills issued by the factory, exceeding 36 million yuan, will expire on July 17, and more than 34 million yuan will expire on July 23. It is understood that Ketuan Zhan, after receiving the bank's dunning call, made it clear that he would not repay the loan, which would destroy the company and the entire group's credit in financial institutions.
7、 This is not the end
So far, the power struggle between the founders of Bitmain has been more than half a year. The office building already occupied by Ketuan Zhan is still empty, and most employees choose to work from home. Some chip developers returned to the office with the acquiescence of Jihan Wu and continued to maintain research and development to reduce the impact of infighting on technological iteration and competitiveness.
This giant ship that once stood on top of the supercomputer chip is crashing into the iceberg due to the madness of the former helm. Ketuan Zhan's madness and Jihan Wu's compromise made mistakes again and again. Bitmain tried to save himself many times, but was unable to get out of the black hole.
If the time goes back to that day in 2013, would Jihan Wu and Yuesheng Ge still choose to dial Ketuan Zhan?
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The deepest report: Bitmain's self-help history

The deepest report: Bitmain's self-help history
The original intention of this article is to let readers understand the causes and consequences of Bitmain internal fighting, but after writing it, I found that it is not so much internal fighting as it is a long history of self-help.
The story is very long. Let's adjust the timeline to the eve of December 17, 2018. That was one of Bitmain's most critical moments and the beginning of a series of subsequent stories.
1. Self-immolation In September 2018, Bitmain's financial department warned management that the company's cash flow has become very tight and operating costs must be reduced to allow the company to continue. The blockchain unicorn, which is valued at more than 15 billion U.S. dollars, is crippled in the run and struggling to break the corner.
In 2017, Bitmain made a profit of 1 billion US dollars In the first half of 2018, Bitmain made a profit of 1 billion US dollars Three rounds of financing, a total of 800 million US dollars Net assets should exceed 3 billion U.S. dollars In September 2018, Bitmain had tight cash flow and was on the verge of bankruptcy
A simple comparison, it is not difficult to see that Bitmain's ability to make money is incredible, and its ability to burn money is even more extreme.
How does Bitmain burn money? Do you pour cash into gasoline and burn it, or hire a lot of employees to stuff the banknotes one by one into the shredder? The actual situation is closer to the latter.
The following data can help readers quickly learn Bitmain's money burning skills.
At the beginning of 2018, the entire cryptocurrency market has entered a bear market, but Bitmain's monthly operating costs have been rising wildly. Operating costs have risen from 10 million US dollars at the beginning of the year to 50 million US dollars at the end of the year.
Large-scale expansion of the R&D team is one of the main reasons. The HR who once worked at Bitmain revealed that the company once hired more than 50 employees a day and nearly 500 employees a month. Even so, it was criticized for its slow recruitment speed. The cash consumption in this area is approximately $250 million.
Operating costs are just the tip of the iceberg. Excessive chip trial production can become a classic case of project management courses. Readers who pay attention to Cryptocurrency mining can easily find that Bitmain is still working hard to clear the inventory of Antminer S9 in 2019. As the co-CEO, Ketuan Zhan did not listen to the advice or even warnings of the Finance Department, insisting on the implementation of Excessive chip trial production, resulting in a large accumulation of inventory and tight capital turnover. Another CEO, Jihan Wu, once revealed that the loss of Excessive chip trial production to the company was approximately US$1.5 billion.
Large-scale expansion of the R&D team is one of the main reasons. The HR who once worked at Bitmain revealed that the company once hired more than 50 employees a day and nearly 500 employees a month. Even so, it was criticized for its slow recruitment speed. The cash consumption in this area is approximately $250 million.
The BM1393 chip incident is even more incredible. Chip expert Ketuan Zhan invested a lot of money on a failed chip, and finally failed again. From 2017 to 2018, Bitmain has failed Trial production of mining machine chips at least 4 times, including 16nm, 12nm and 10nm chips, of which 16nm Trial production failed twice, thus losing at least US$1.2 billion.
It is rumored that Bitmain still holds a billion U.S. dollars worth of cryptocurrency in a state of floating loss. In view of the rebound in the market in 2020, we will not comment temporarily, waiting for the correct answer from the cryptocurrency market. But the losses pointed out in the previous article are all irreversible.
2. Sole power
In September 2018, Bitmain's management realized the seriousness of the problem. It turned out that the company's money could be squandered. As a result, the management began to discuss self-help plans, and the most reasonable and effective way was obviously to lay off employees.
The probation period for newly hired employees at Bitmain is half a year, and the probationary salary is 100% of the official salary, there is no difference. Once layoffs are made, new employees who have not passed the probationary period will be the main layoff targets. The department managed by Ketuan Zhan will face large-scale layoffs. The layoff plan is strongly opposed by Ketuan Zhan. Bitmain can only temporarily abandon the layoffs and replace it with continuous reductions. For marketing and travel expenses, a budget committee was established to strictly approve every expenditure. At the same time, employee benefits, such as reimbursement of taxi expenses, breakfast supply, snacks and drinks, etc., have also been abolished, and even the tradition of giving employees 400 yuan worth of BTC/BCH every month has been stopped.
In the face of huge cash flow pressure, trivial savings is obviously of no avail. Soon, the management again discussed the layoff plan, and it has reached the point where it has to be laid off.
In December 2018, Jihan Wu began to organize all entrepreneurial veterans and business backbones to persuade Ketuan Zhan to agree to layoffs, but Ketuan Zhan still insisted not to layoffs. The persuasion process was very unsuccessful. After many meetings and intense debates, Bitmain executives were caught in a dilemma of wasting time with Ketuan Zhan.
In this process, the shortcomings of the dual CEO system began to appear, and the relationship between the two CEOs gradually deteriorated.
On the night of December 16th, Ketuan Zhan reconvened the management meeting, and more than 30 managements who were present were asked to hand over their mobile phones. At this time, Jihan Wu was on a business trip in Hong Kong and was busy with listing related work.
In the meeting, Ketuan Zhan's core content was three items:
(1) Bitmain cannot have two CEOs, only one CEO and must be Ketuan Zhan. Ketuan Zhan said that he met an old leader during a business trip. He hadn't seen each other for many years. The old leader suggested that the company can only have one CEO, and it must be him. Ketuan Zhan feels that this is a kind of fate, an opportunity given by God.
(2) Ketuan Zhan believes that the company's cash flow problems, the biggest responsibility is the inability of the financial department. To prove his point, Ketuan Zhan announced Bitmain's financial data at the meeting. In the evening, employees in Taiwan began to post messages on social media, saying that the company's capital chain was broken and the top management was split.
(3) If Ketuan Zhan is not supported, the option will be cancelled and the equity will be voided.
Hearing about this, Jihan Wu, who lives in Hong Kong, sent a WeChat message to the management who are attending the meeting.

https://preview.redd.it/c5cxea2lqid51.jpg?width=1080&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=3d6a0388408f6b8abe10648e5e4b7a3a5434c821
On the afternoon of December 17, 2018, Jihan Wu returned to Beijing to negotiate with Ketuan Zhan all night, and finally reached a consensus in the early morning. Bitmain co-founder Yuesheng Ge announced the results of the negotiations. Jihan Wu and Ketuan Zhan ceased to serve as CEOs, and Haichao Wang served as CEO. Jihan Wu voluntarily backed down and Ketuan Zhan served as chairman.
The "12.17 Incident" had a very bad impact on Bitmain, especially the disclosure of Bitmain's financial status, which caused vendors to start dunning. The loan that had just been negotiated with the Bank of Beijing was cancelled the next day. Jihan Wu's resignation as CEO caused an uproar in the industry, and it became a hot topic among Cryptocurrency mining, blockchain practitioners, and investor communities. The media focused their interpretation on Bitmain's series of incidents, and generally looked down upon its ongoing Hong Kong IPO, believing that the high-level changes had already signaled the failure of the IPO in advance.
On Christmas December 24, 2018, Bitmain finally began to implement the layoff plan. This long-delayed “correct decision” was achieved after a stalemate for nearly three months. The AI ​​teams in Beijing, Singapore, Taiwan, and Shanghai have laid off more than 50% of their employees. The Israeli R&D center was closed and Shenzhen New Species Technology Co., Ltd., which had been acquired for only ten months, was dissolved, and all employees were laid off. Copernicus, Bitmain's top blockchain development team, was not spared and was wiped out in this layoff. Copernicus and some of the laid-off employees joined the new company Matrixport co-founded by Jihan Wu and Yuesheng Ge, headquartered in Singapore.
3. Past events when starting a business
After the "12.17 Incident", Jihan Wu gradually faded out of Bitmain's management affairs and turned his attention to the IPO and new company. And this is one of Jihan Wu's major mistakes, he began to let Ketuan Zhan manage Bitmain alone.
In fact, as early as 2013, Jihan Wu planted hidden dangers.
Jihan Wu, an investment banker, was the earliest translator of the Bitcoin white paper. He began to get involved in the cryptocurrency mining industry in 2012. The disappearance of Kaomao and Nangua Zhang's ticket skipping led Jihan Wu to decide to develop his own chip.
In 2013, Jihan Wu established his own mining machine company. Together with Yuesheng Ge, who was only 20 years old, he found Ketuan Zhan, an integrated circuit designer of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, to create the protagonist of this article, and later the digital Cryptocurrency mining giant, Bitmain.
Jihan Wu promised Ketuan Zhan that every time a mining machine chip was successfully developed, he would give some shares to the Ketuan Zhan team. At that time, the company founded by Ketuan Zhan was on the eve of falling apart. In order to regroup the team, Ketuan Zhan promised to share half of his shares with the team members. Unfortunately, this is just a bad check. With the rapid development of Bitmain and higher and higher valuations, the expanding Ketuan Zhan almost monopolized all the shares.
Like many startups, Bitmain encountered many difficulties in its early days, and many jobs had to be done by the boss. For example, in the chip design and production process in the second half of 2013, Bitmain was caught in a dilemma of insufficient funds. Jihan Wu personally raised funds and met with TSMC’s sales to persuade TSMC to accept the production needs of a start-up company. Jihan Wu also participated in the selection of the thermodynamic parameters of the heat sink in the Antminer S1.
In 2014, Jihan Wu discovered that this company was independently operated by Ketuan Zhan, which had huge problems. Forcing Jihan Wu to continue to participate in company management.
At that time, Bitmain's mining machine chips had just achieved a certain lead in the standard design process. Jihan Wu believes that the next step must be to develop full customization technology, but Ketuan Zhan plans to invest resources in the research of mobile payment chips.
Ketuan Zhan met a mysterious person from the Party Central Security Bureau who claimed to be able to manipulate the Party Central Committee’s decision-making process for the next generation of mobile payment cryptography standards, but this direction is likely to lead to the fact that Bitmain has just gained the lead in the mining machine market. Regained.
Jihan Wu said that as a graduate of the School of Economics, with a little memory of his high school stage and the knowledge reserve of a computer technology amateur, he retrieves various materials and papers every day, learns theories related to full customization, and goes to Ketuan Zhan conducts persuasion work there.
Fortunately, in the direction of full customization technology, Ketuan Zhan finally listened to Jihan Wu's opinion. Bitmain quickly integrated the technical experts from the United States and Russia introduced by Jihan Wu, which greatly improved the design level of chips and complete machines.
In 2015, Jihan Wu suggested that Ketuan Zhan consider the direction of artificial intelligence. But Ketuan Zhan is not here, he prefers the CPU direction. After staying asleep at night, coupled with in-depth analysis by the Bitmain investment team, Ketuan Zhan finally agreed with this direction. It is a pity that after the Tianshi Chen brothers made major breakthroughs in theory and practice, Bitmain officially invested in the relevant direction, and it was still a step behind.
In the two years from 2016 to 2017, Bitmain's business performance has achieved rapid development, becoming a unique super unicorn in the blockchain industry. According to Froth & Sullivan, in 2017, Bitmain Technology Holdings was the second largest fabless chip design company in China and the tenth largest fabless chip design company in the world, and the fourth largest fabless ASIC chip design company in the world, accounting for 74.5% of global cryptocurrency market share.
However, the huge crisis has long been buried in the early days of entrepreneurship.
Ketuan Zhan's decision on major directions revealed his weakness of extremely lack of business understanding. But every mistake he made was blocked by the company's core employees. His overconfidence in his management ability led to the gradual intensification of conflicts, and the management differences between the two founders became more serious.
4.The giant gets lost
The contradiction between the two broke out on December 17, 2018. Ketuan Zhan used extreme means to force the management to compromise with him by canceling the option, so as to achieve the goal of sole control of the company. Jihan Wu returned to Beijing from Hong Kong overnight and negotiated with Ketuan Zhan all night. In the end, the two resigned as CEO. Jihan Wu retired. Ketuan Zhan has the exclusive rights of chairman in exchange for the implementation of the layoff plan.
Jihan Wu's voluntary retreat has intensified Ketuan Zhan's management to do whatever he wants.
A Bitmain employee commented on Ketuan Zhan's management skills, summed up in two letters-SM.
After becoming the sole helm of the company, Ketuan Zhan quickly "rectified" the department in charge of Jihan Wu as the chairman of the board. He guided the sales of mining machines at the dinner, and pointed out that the sales performance is not due to the sales staff. Ability is strong, but the company provides opportunities. Take two sales leaders as examples, saying that if the company hadn't given the opportunity, they would still be losers. In addition, Ketuan Zhan also instructed the sales staff on how to toast and imparted the wine table culture and experience.
After the meal, Ketuan Zhan came to the conclusion that the quality of Bitmain sales staff was too poor, and Huawei’s blood needs to be injected to drive the company’s progress. Soon, the marketing and sales director from Huawei officially took over Bitmain, opening the era of brand premium for Antminer.
In order to further understand and guide the sales work, Ketuan Zhan asked to meet the customers with the sales staff. During the negotiation process, Ketuan Zhan had a heated discussion with customers on the issue of Chinese and Western medicine, and had also forced the sales staff to be able to ship 10,000 machines due to insufficient production capacity.
Although the requirements for sales personnel are strict, Ketuan Zhan has provided a lot of convenience for "Mainland Ark". In addition to selling mining machines at a more favorable price, Bitmain's mining machines are also hosted in Ming Wang at a higher price than the market price. Mine. It is reported that both Ketuan Zhan and Ming Wang are shareholders of Ark.
The new sales strategy of Huawei's executives has also brought very obvious changes to Bitmain. The self-righteous brand premium reduces the price-performance ratio of Antminer, causing competing products to eat away at Bitmain's market share. Later, Bitmain found that the strategy was wrong and started to cut prices, and found that the mining machine market was saturated and the purchase demand of miners had decreased.
More dangerous than the sales strategy is that the technical advantages of Antminer are being chased by competing products, and even overtaken. At the same time, the two mining pools under Bitmain also lost their first and second positions. The AI ​​business, which Jihan Wu placed high hopes and Ketuan Zhan personally supervised, became a laughing stock in the industry. Not only did it fail to make a profit, it almost brought down Bitmain.
Blindly introducing senior executives from Huawei to occupy important positions completely destroys the company's internal cultural foundation. The bureaucracy within Bitmain began to corrode from high-level employees to ordinary employees. Ketuan Zhan is not aware of this. He is still keen on recruiting Huawei employees, imitating Huawei's organizational structure and strategy, letting HR do sales and R&D personnel to do HR.
The organizational structure adjustment in October 2019 was the fuse for Ketuan Zhan to completely anger Bitmain management. This time, Ketuan Zhan completely marginalized Bitmain’s veteran employees, and suddenly promoted some of the “airborne soldiers” who had just joined the company to the position of person in charge, which caused the former person in charge to report to the new employees. The two managers who were originally equal The hierarchy becomes the subordinate relationship, the operation and development of different business lines are merged into a large department, the upward reporting process becomes more cumbersome, and the relationship between employees becomes delicate.
5. Headwind
On October 29, 2019, Jihan Wu urgently held a staff meeting. Prior to this, the legal representative of Beijing Bitmain has been changed to Jihan Wu, including the parent companies Hong Kong Bitmain and Cayman Bitmain. Jihan Wu stood in the lobby of Building 25, B1, announcing that Ketuan Zhan has been relieved of all duties. Any employee in the Bitmain Group shall no longer execute Ketuan Zhan’s instructions and participate in any meetings convened by Ketuan Zhan. If there is any violation, the company will demotion and expel the company based on the severity of the circumstances. If losses are caused to the company, the company will be held accountable.
Jihan Wu's speech is very long, which can be summarized as follows:
(1) Ketuan Zhan has been relieved of all duties. Also expelled from the original Huawei company HR Zhi Wang introduced by Ketuan Zhan at the end of 2018. Zhi Wang’s reputation on Bitmain was extremely poor and was ridiculed by employees as "nine thousand years" (In ancient China, the emperor was called "ten thousand years old", and the prince was "eight thousand years old." However, in the Ming Dynasty, there was an eunuch who caused harm to the country and the people. He called himself "nine thousand years old", meaning that he was only A little lower than the emperor's level).
(2) Ketuan Zhan's ability to control the company's option incentive plan has disappeared, and it is no longer possible to cancel employees' options at will.
(3) The organizational structure adjustment plan led by Ketuan Zhan was suspended.
(4) We are optimistic about the future of AI business, but the premise is that the main business can continue to make profits in order to support the company's continued investment in AI business.
In the speech, Jihan Wu also told employees the whole story of the "12.17 Incident" and bluntly said that the company is not in good condition. If no measures are taken, Bitmain is likely to go bankrupt in three quarters and he must come back to save the company.
At this time, Ketuan Zhan, who was on a business trip in Shenzhen, finally experienced the situation of Jihan Wu in the "12.17 Incident".
After the official return, Jihan Wu began to clearly point out the company's various problems in operation and management, and went deep into each business line to understand the situation. In the mining machine sales department meeting, employees spoke enthusiastically, reflecting on the difficulties and opinions encountered in the work, the marketing and sales director from Huawei asked with a surprised look, "Why didn't these issues be reported to me before?", and soon , The director was interviewed and "voluntarily resigned."
On November 2, 2019, Jihan Wu announced a salary increase for all employees. Bitmain’s last salary increase dates back to 2018. In principle, Bitmain has two salary increases every year.
On November 7, 2019, Ketuan Zhan spoke on social media for the first time, describing his hardship in starting a business, and condemning Jihan Wu for “stabbing a knife in the back”. At the end of the article, he also set himself a KPI for 2020, that is, the mining machine market share will reach 90%, and the AI ​​business will earn 1 billion.
But Ketuan Zhan's majestic plan did not make Bitmain employees feel emotional, but ridiculed him instead. Employees exposed that he insulted employees, advocated Chinese medicine, believed in Buddhism, drank in meetings, practiced Qigong...
However, there is less than half a year before the halving of Bitcoin production, and the cryptocurrency market shows no signs of recovery, which makes Bitmain management very anxious.
On January 6, 2020, Bitmain ushered in another round of layoffs, with a layoff ratio of about 1/3. This time the layoffs have caused many employees who have just increased their salaries to feel very grieved. On the one hand, they were looking forward to Jihan Wu's return. On the other hand, the compensation for this layoff was less than 18 years.
Ketuan Zhan, who has been unable to enter the Bitmain office area, once again spoke on social media and firmly opposed to layoffs. We do not need to lay off staff and we cannot commit suicide.
During the Spring Festival, Covid-19 broke out. Mainland China has begun to extend the Spring Festival holiday and advocate working from home. Under the chain reaction caused by Covid-19, most companies have chosen to cut salaries or even lay off employees. In the first two months of 2020, China's exports fell by 17%, U.S. stocks were broken four times in a row, Bitcoin plunged 40% in 24 hours on March 12, 2020, and crude oil futures fell by 300% on April 20, 2020...
Obviously, Jihan Wu can't predict, but this layoff seems to be the right decision again. In addition, from January to April 2020, Bitmain's revenue exceeded US$400 million amid the spread of Covid-19 and the collapse of the financial market.
6. Fight to the death
When Jihan Wu tried to get the company back on track, Ketuan Zhan was not helpless. On April 28, 2020, Ketuan Zhan finally rolled back the legal representative of Beijing Bitmain to before October 28, 2019 by repeatedly submitting administrative reconsiderations, and restored his status as a legal representative.
On the morning of May 8, 2020, a piece of news about Bitmain quickly appeared on the real-time hot search rankings, and even dominated the headlines of the day. At window 52 on the second floor of the Haidian District Government Affairs Center, when Ketuan Zhan, the legal person of Beijing Bitmain Company, was receiving the business license, a group of unidentified people snatched the business license from the industrial and commercial administrative staff. A source at the scene said that the number of unidentified people in the group was about 60 people, of which Luyao Liu was directing at the scene.
This is a skillful piece of news. It first leads readers to think that Ketuan Zhan is a victim, using 60 people to grab business licenses as the focus. The masses accused Jihan Wu of lawlessness, but ignored whether the government affairs center could have 60 personnel. As for Hong Kong Bitmain to have the right to appoint a representative to obtain a business license, this is a deeper level of thinking.
The follow-up report restored the real situation at the scene. Only more than ten people were present, and both sides were equipped with security personnel. Bitmain employees also broke the news in the circle of friends, claiming that Ketuan Zhan's bodyguard had injured Bitmain's authorized person, and said in a threatening tone, "Be careful!"
However, the subsequent plot reversal did not have much effect. Jihan Wu's reputation has been greatly affected. From a bloody soldier who rescued the company in trouble to a lawless criminal, it can be said to be a world of war. do not.
Ketuan Zhan, who succeeded in the first battle, began to counterattack Bitmain continuously. On the afternoon of June 3, 2020, Ketuan Zhan led a team to pry open the back door of the Beijing Bitmain office and formally occupied the deserted Beijing headquarters.
On June 4, 2020, Ketuan Zhan called on Bitmain employees to resume work and promised to expand the company's market value to more than US$50 billion within three to five years. After that, Ketuan Zhan began to contact employees by phone, trying to acquire the options in the hands of employees at a valuation of 4 billion US dollars.
Subsequently, Ketuan Zhan recalled Huawei's executives and issued a series of personnel appointments and removals. As of June 9, 2020, Ketuan Zhan has successively eliminated CFO Luyao Liu, and Wenguang Wang, the head of the mining center. Luyao Liu is responsible for controlling Bitmain's IPO plan. He also appointed Yanwu Ma as the HR director, Gang Ren as the head of the mining center, Yonggang Sun as the head of the supply chain, Ling Gu as the financial director, and Bin Zhu as the head of the mining machine business department. Bin Zhu is the senior executive of Huawei who was interviewed and left as mentioned in the previous article. During his tenure, he reduced Antminer’s 90% market share to 50%, and received a large number of complaints from miners. Internal employees once speculated that he might be Compete against the spies sent by the company.
In addition to recalling senior executives of Huawei, Ketuan Zhan also urged employees to return to work. They can receive a bonus of 10,000 yuan when they return to work on the same day, which is only half the next day. Ketuan Zhan showed a very kind side. Every time the elevator door is opened, Ketuan Zhan's hot gaze can be met, shaking hands, taking photos, and receiving money. As there is no personnel information, Ketuan Zhan does not know whether the person receiving the money is a Bitmain employee, and these people did not resume work the next day.
The effect of gentleness was not good, Ketuan Zhan began to force employees to return to work. Seeing that there are still very few respondents, Ketuan Zhan threatened employees through SMS, phone calls, EMS, emails and other harassment, issued multiple threats such as termination of contract, suspension of payment of social insurance, suspension of wages, and even used personal information saved by employees to form a group of employees. Domicile threats, requiring employees to perform "work handover", trying to force employees to return work computers, etc.
On June 10, 2020, the media revealed that Ketuan Zhan had controlled Bitmain's Shenzhen factory and prohibited employees from delivering normal shipments to paid customers, which caused difficulties in the operation of the Bitmain mining machine department.
On June 13, 2020, Hong Kong Bitmain, the parent company of Beijing Bitmain, issued a statement accusing Ketuan Zhan of signing a "Sales Agency Agreement" with the Ark Data Technology Co., Ltd. in which it holds shares, in an attempt to embezzle Beijing Bit's assets.
On June 17, 2020, the media revealed that Ketuan Zhan started selling 14,000 T17+ series mining machines at low prices.
On June 20, 2020, Hong Kong Bitmain officially suspended the supply of chips to the Shenzhen factory.
On July 13, 2020, in the "A Letter to All My colleagues in the Shenzhen Factory" released by Bitmain in Hong Kong, more details were added on the series of Ketuan Zhan's actions in June.
The legal person Feng Zhou of the Shenzhen plant is related to Ketuan Zhan. After being relieved of Ketuan Zhan's post, Jihan Wu flew to Shenzhen to have a long talk with Feng Zhou. Jihan Wu believes that Feng Zhou is the right person to manage the factory and help the company overcome difficulties, and decides to leave Feng Zhou to continue to manage the factory.
This wrong decision staged a story of a farmer and a snake. When Ketuan Zhan began to counterattack Bitmain, Feng Zhou was also quickly instigated and began to assist Ketuan Zhan in seizing customer machines and transferring 17,000 T17 mining machines in the warehouse. Hainan Continental Ark Data Technology Co., Ltd., which is held by Ketuan Zhan, sold them at a low price.
In order to protect the interests of customers, Jihan Wu had to make a compromise and paid the payment for some goods to a bank account controlled by Ketuan Zhan in exchange for delivery. However, after the other party received a payment of 109 million, the delivery stopped. On July 8, 2020, 5600 mining machines have been overdue.
At the same time, the factory defaulted on suppliers’ accounts payable as much as 200 million yuan. Bank acceptance bills issued by the factory, exceeding 36 million yuan, will expire on July 17, and more than 34 million yuan will expire on July 23. It is understood that Ketuan Zhan, after receiving the bank's dunning call, made it clear that he would not repay the loan, which would destroy the company and the entire group's credit in financial institutions.
7、 This is not the end
So far, the power struggle between the founders of Bitmain has been more than half a year. The office building already occupied by Ketuan Zhan is still empty, and most employees choose to work from home. Some chip developers returned to the office with the acquiescence of Jihan Wu and continued to maintain research and development to reduce the impact of infighting on technological iteration and competitiveness.
This giant ship that once stood on top of the supercomputer chip is crashing into the iceberg due to the madness of the former helm. Ketuan Zhan's madness and Jihan Wu's compromise made mistakes again and again. Bitmain tried to save himself many times, but was unable to get out of the black hole.
If the time goes back to that day in 2013, would Jihan Wu and Yuesheng Ge still choose to dial Ketuan Zhan?
submitted by paulcheung1990 to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

FIGHTING FUD: Bitmain's IPO to the US raising more than $1 billion

Bitmain's IPO to the US is coming soon, raising more than $1 billion: core financial data exposure

Key Points:
Chinese Article HERE.
In June of this year, Bloomberg broke the news that Bitmain has started IPO matters in the United States, and will submit a prospectus application by the end of July at the erliest. Today, in July, there are still no public offering documents on Bitmain.
But another mining machine manufacturer, Jia Nan Zhizhi, has secretly submitted a listing application to the US Securities and Exchange Commission (details: Jia Nan, the world's second-largest bitcoin mining machine manufacturer, has secretly submitted a listing application to the SEC).
However, Uncle C recently got the latest financial information from Bitmain, and may share some of the core data with you.
On September 26, 2018, Bitmain submitted a prospectus application document to the Hong Kong Stock Exchange. The document shows that the two founders, Jank Group and Wu Jihan, are major shareholders, holding 36% and 20% respectively.
Since its inception, Bitmain has mainly obtained three rounds of financing, which took place in August 2017, June 2018 and August 2018. Among them, Bitmain completed more than $700 million in financing in the second half of 2018.
At the time of the release of the prospectus, the proportion of shares held by major investment institutions was small: Sequoia Capital held approximately 3.14%, Innovation Works held approximately 1.13%, Temasek held 0.35%, IDG Capital and Beijing IC Industry The International Fund holds 0.02% and 0.07% of the shares respectively.
Valuation of Bitmain to $13 billion -$15 billion US dollars
The above-mentioned investors gave the information that Bitmain tried to raise $1 billion to $1.5 billion in the estimated IPO of $13 billion to $15 billion .
If the valuation is true, it will increase slightly from the valuation of around US$12 billion in the second half of 2018, and will be much higher than the “only” 500 given by the Hurun Greater China Unicorn Index in January this year. The valuation of 100 million yuan, although Bitmain ranked 11th in this list.
It is clear that the financial data of Bitmain is re-optimized. Uncle C also got the financial statements of Q1 Bitmain in China this year.
March profit of $315 million
In the first quarter of 2019, Bitmain's total operating income was US$1.082 billion, of which revenues for the first three months were 253 million, 253 million and 579 million , respectively ; gross margins were 7.91 million, 14.7 million and 25.21 million respectively. The US dollar; net profit reached $315 million in March alone, and $345 million and $280 million in losses in January and February, respectively.
From the perspective of net profit and gross profit, the data is obviously not so satisfactory. To this end, Bitcoin’s internal view is that in the first quarter, mainly in clearing inventory, especially at low prices, 16nm mining machine inventory, resulting in lower gross profit margin; after the completion of the old product clearance, sales of 7nm mining machine new products Will lead to an increase in gross profit margin, and the gross profit margin in April is expected to reach 30%.
It is expected that the fourth quarter will usher in an outbreak
In addition, given that the mining machine belongs to futures products and has placed 200 million 7nm chips in TSMC, Bitmain expects earnings to achieve explosive growth in Q4.
For the new 7nm mining machine, Bitmain's internal view said that the concept of the 7nm mining machine was proposed in 2018 and is currently done in China and Japan; Bitmain is the only 7nm mine with mass production and delivery capabilities. Machine manufacturers.
Here, Uncle C feels that it is advisable to make an intuitive comparison with the prospectus. According to the prospectus, the revenue, gross profit and after-tax profit of Bitcoin in 2017 were 274 million, 134 million and 83 million US dollars respectively; while the full year 2017 revenue, gross profit and after-tax profit were 2.518 billion, 12.13 respectively. Billion and $701 million. From this data, the main source of contribution to the annual income is obviously dependent on the performance in the second half .
Therefore, Bitmain's sales forecast for the whole year is that Q3's cash flow will be stronger due to the customer's prepaid mining machine, but because of the small inventory, TSMC needs 3 to 4 months to produce, so Q4 will be the main issue. The time node for goods and revenue recognition.
In addition to the 7nm mining machine mentioned above, the AI ​​product line is also the direction of development of Bitcoin this year.
Uncle C has already mentioned it in the article in June this year (related links: the news that Bitcoin applied for listing in the US next month, previously announced by the Hong Kong Stock Exchange "death penalty"), Bitmain began to enter at the end of 2015 In the AI ​​field, R&D content includes AI chips, boards, servers, and various hardware and software products and customer development platforms. The main directions of the layout are security, campus, smart city, and Internet.
At present, Bitmain has launched three products equipped with the cloud chip BM1684. In the first quarter of this year, it has reached cooperation with China Unicom and China Mobile Hangzhou R&D Center . The revenue of Q1 is nearly 32 million yuan.
Bitmain has hundreds of millions of dollars worth of digital currency assets
In terms of balance sheet, C Uncle also got the data at the end of March and the end of May. As of the end of May, Bitmain's total assets were approximately $1 billion, and the company's debt ratio after excluding preferred shares was 16%.
In addition, Uncle C also received reflections and judgments on the IPO process within the Bitmain. Among them, the failure of Hong Kong's IPO, Bitmain China believes that the main reason is that the rapid decline in the currency price in a short period of time has led regulators to doubt the sustainability of their business.
It is worth mentioning that Bitmain has now decided that it has no choice but to enter the US.
Uncle C's point of view is that although Bitcoin currently has a market share of more than 70% in the digital currency mining machine market and has sufficient cash flow, the date of its official delivery must not wait too long .
After all, the only viable listings of the three miners are currently in the United States. Once Jianan Zhizhi and even Yibang International are leading the listing progress, the order of time in the same competition will follow the listing process and market performance. Has a non-negligible influence.
The ability of chip design is goal to enter the AI ​​field. Rapid financing to sufficient funds will also help Bitmain further develop its layout in the chip and AI fields. Bitmain even stated in the documents given to investors that its ultimate goal is to become a technology-based commercial company.
submitted by kilrcola to btc [link] [comments]

/r/ethtrader quickstart guide - Acronyms, Jargon, and Personalities.

Hi there new ETH investor and/or new /ethtrader community member! Glad to have you aboard. We are a pretty lively bunch around here; inside jokes, memes, and jargon run rampant.

I figured I would create a sort of glossary to help you figure out what the actual fuck we are talking about.

Acronyms (thanks decronym)

BGD: Big green dildo, as in a big green candlestick on the price chart.

BTFD: Buy the fucking dip.

ATH: All time high, the highest price of a thing ever, 1400ish for ETH.

FOMO: Fear Of Missing Out, the urge to jump on the bandwagon when prices rise.

DeFi: Decentralized Finance, MakerDAO and Dharma and stuff. Loans basically.

CDP: Collateralized debt position. A DeFi thing.

FUD: FeaUncertainty/Doubt, negative sentiments spread in order to drive down prices.

MEW: My Ether Wallet, a website to make and interact with wallets.

TA: Technical analysis, predicting the future of the price based on the past.

2FA: 2 factor authentication, its a security thing, a second password of sorts.

ERC20: The standard for tokens built on ETH.

POS: Not piece of shit, or point of sale. Proof of stake, the new consensus mechanism coming to ETH soon™.

ICO: Initial coin offering, the birth of a new crypto, usually an ERC20. Like an IPO.

IEO: Initial exchange offering, like an ICO, but typically a bit more scammy.

EZPZ: e_z_p_z_, more on him later...

BAT: Not the animal, Basic Attention Token

OMG: Not oh my god, well sometimes oh my god, but mostly OmiseGo. Pronounced OH-ME-SAY GO btw.

MKR: MakerDAO.

REP: There is too many tokens to list here, just google it you will figure it out.

DYOR: Do your own research. People want to steal your money. Make sure you know what you are buying.

LN: A silly bitcoin thing.

GDAX: The old name for Coinbase Pro.



Jargon

Bull: Confident the price will go up.

Confidant: misspelling of confident from e_z_p_z_. More on him later...

Bear: Confident the price will go down.

Cuecomber: Cucumber, another EZPZ classic. Can be used as in cool as a cucumber, or as in BGD (see? now you know what BGD means, damn this guide is helpful.)

The ratio: The trading pair ETH:BTC.

The flippening: The ETH marketcap being bigger than the BTC marketcap. Coming soon™ .

Soon™: The release date for everything crypto related.

Donuts: Like reddit karma but /ethtrader specific, and infinitely more valuable. Legend has it that if you get 10 million donuts Vitalik sends you 10 ETH for every 1 ETH you send him. The name comes from cyounessi's post here.

Moon: The price where you can buy a lambo.

Mooning: The price increasing rapidly. Maybe exposed butts depending on how you choose to spend your money.

Moonboy: A hopelessly optimistic/greedy person.

$13: The price was stuck here for a long time. Dark days for /ethtrader.

$420: The top of the bull market before last. Also weed dude hehehe.

$300: The price was stuck here for what seemed like forever. Oh how easy we had it back then...

$324: EZPZ's number. More on him later...

$80: The bottom of the previous bear market. We will definitely never see this price again.

HODL: Hold. From here.

SODL: Sold, same as above.

BUIDL: Build, you get the pattern.

Golden cross: Moving averages of prices crossing. A TA thing.

FIAT: Not the car. Fiat Money. USD, euros, pounds and so on.

Sharding: An ETH scaling method. Don't make sharting jokes, they anger Vitalik.

Ramen: The meal of choice when the price goes down.

Pamp: Pump

Bogdanoff: This. Just... Don't ask...

Weeks not months: In reference to Joe Lubin's prediction for ETH futures coming out. It has been 75 weeks since he said this.

The Winklevii: Founders of Gemini Exchange, the facebook guys.

Updoot the diddly: Or anything with that vague collection of letters, Upvote the daily discussion.

JT's fire pit: jtnichol posts pictures of food he is cooking in his backyard fire pit. Those posts make you hungry.

The DAO: Tumultuous times in ethereum history to say the least.Further reading here.)

Personalities

vbuterin: The founder of Ethereum. We really really like him.

Joe Lubin: Co-founder of Ethereum, founder of ConsenSys. Memes aside. We like him.

carlslarson: Creator of /ethtrader. Overall good guy.

jtnichol: A mod of /ethtrader. Overall sweetheart.

The rest of the mods: Too many to list. It's a great group of people. They won't give you any trouble if you aren't being a dick.

dcinvestor: DC is a smart guy with good opinions. We really like him.

E_Z_P_Z_ the undisputed meme champion. A genuine crazy person. Made a bad sell on the way up, and wrote lengthy posts about how ETH was going back to $324 multiple times a day for months, often times with terrible spelling and grammar. When ETH did hit 324 he became something like a local hero. He is the heel of /ethtrader and we all love to hate him.

lamboshinakaghini: A fool, not to be trusted.

scienceguy9489: He used to regularly post TA. Sometimes he was right, sometimes he was wrong. The crucial thing was that he was memeable. He started to get a bit of an ego going, and was deleting his posts that were wrong, and keeping the correct ones. He recently made a return to /ethtrader and made a post that ETH was going to moon on a certain day and it ended up not being correct, which was just fuel on the meme fire. He goes by etherdamus now and runs a private TA group which has a fee to join.

singlestateserenity: He posts a haiku in the daily every day until we flippen bitcoin. Reading a nice haiku is a pleasant way to start your morning.

Everyone else: Well you will see them around and catch the vibe. There are just too many lovable and hateable people to list.
submitted by LamboshiNakaghini to ethtrader [link] [comments]

Bitcoin Manipulation Theory

I have a pretty crazy theory that I want to share but hopefully I won't break the record for downvotes in the process.
I have been thinking for a while that something seems suspicious about the way the market has been moving lately. Isn't it strange how most of the coins pumping are all "cheap" as in they are less than $10 per coin? Isn’t it strange how the crypto market cap grew by $58 billion today, but Bitcoin’s market cap did not change at all? Then I had a realization. What if everyone is being played by a greater power. If you don’t like conspiracy theories stop reading now.
Everyone has been justifying the altcoin surges as Bitcoin taking a rest and dumb money chasing “cheap coins”, but what if it is actually institutional investors using alt coins in order to accumulate Bitcoin. It makes a lot of sense. If you look at the dates the surges started
The futures trading press release went out on December 1, but what if some people knew that it would be approved ahead of time? If you are an investor with deep pockets you have a problem. You want to be able to bet on Bitcoin’s future price, but you don’t own enough Bitcoin to be able to manipulate the market (it is much easier to gamble when you control the outcome). You need a way to accumulate. Articles start to hit the press about how a small group of whales control a huge amount of the supply of Bitcoin and that makes it dangerous, etc. Big players are trying to convince people that Bitcoin is not a safe investment. Lots of bubble talk spreads. Jim Cramer says you are better off going to Vegas than buying Bitcoin. It doesn‘t scare the public away.
These investors are usually the ones who get first stab at new assets. They get to invest early in companies, they get first stab at IPO shares when a company goes public, but with Bitcoin they are late to the party. How are they going to accumulate? They aren’t stupid. They realize that driving the price of Bitcoin down too much to buy cheaper will scare people away from the market, and there is a limited amount of downside (it can only go as low as $0), but there is an infinite amount of upside. They also don’t own enough Bitcoin to crash the market that far. So what do they do?
The answer is: find alt coins that are “cheap”. They know that if someone has to choose between a $15,000 dollar coin and a $1 coin they will choose the $1 coin every time. It is a psychological thing. Everyone just looks at the price and believes that $1 coin can also go to $15,000 one day. So if institutional money starts to buy up huge amounts of these “cheap coins” and gets the general public on board, they can then accumulate huge amounts of Bitcoin without the Bitcoin price changing at all because alt coins trade against Bitcoin! If you want to quadruple the amount of Bitcoin you have, it is much easier to pump up a smaller coin and sell it, than it is to drive down the Bitcoin price 4x to accumulate more for the same amount of USD.
Take a look at some of the headlines lately. I suspect the press releases are also coordinated:
In addition to these alt coin surges, every time Bitcoin looks like it is going to break out a new sell wall appears and some market selling into the buys begins to drive the price back down. To me this is a very well executed effort to hold down Bitcoin’s price while accumulating more by pumping alts. I noticed earlier today a $1 million buy wall on XLM that was moving up as the price increased. Is that how a normal person would buy up XLM? It is possible, but I doubt it.
I know it seems wild, but if this theory is correct then it means at some point there will be a pretty fantastic dump with alt coins and a giant surge for Bitcoin.
Of course, I could also just be thinking crazy thoughts.
Also on steemit: https://steemit.com/bitcoin/@ccampbell/bitcoin-manipulation-theory
submitted by craigc123 to BitcoinMarkets [link] [comments]

Which type of curren(t) do you want to see(cy)? An analysis of the intention behind bitcoin(s). Part 3

Part 1
Part 2
So I have been subbed to /bitcoin since it had less than two thousand subs but haven't posted there in years. I think I took a break from researching bitcoin to take a foray into the world of conspiracy around 2014 and only got back in to it around the beginning of 2017 but with a bit of sense of skepticism and cynicism about everything. I think I returned to /bitcoin around that time but there had been a rift that had emerged in the community between those that said that bitcoin was censoring any discussion around big blocks but then also just censorship in general. This lead to the formation of /btc which became the main spot for big blockers to gather to talk about protocol development. Following the fork of Bitcoin Cash and SegWit (BTC) in August 2017 the camps were further divided when the fence sitters were denied their SegWit2x compromise. Many from the fence sitters then deferred back to the incumbent bitcoin as citing muh network effect, liquidity, and hashpower while some who felt betrayed by the failure of getting S2X through went to support BCH for some attempt at on chain scaling rather than through pegged side chains or Lightning Network.
Bitcoin cash initially went with a modest doubling of the blocksize to 2MB but implemented some other features like a new more rapidly adjusting difficulty algorithm to protect themselves against hashpower fluctuations from the majority chain. In about July of that year I had seen what I potentially thought was someone LARPing on /biz/ but screencapped, that segwit2x which was scheduled for november 2017 would be called off and then hashpower would switch to BCH causing congestion and chain death spiral on BTC and BCH would pump massively. I was partial to the idea as the game theory and incentives on a big block bitcoin should attract miners. About a month after SegWit2x was indeed called off while the BTC blockchain was hugely congested, BCH went through a violent pump reaching 0.5 BTC/BCH on a European exchange called Kraken while it also pumped ridiculously on American exchange coinbase. Shortly afterwards the market took a giant dump all over those people who bought the top and it has since retraced to roughly 30:1 or so now.
After that pump though BCH kind of gained some bagholders I guess who started to learn the talking points presented by personalities like Roger Ver, Jihan Wu, Peter Rizun and Amaury Sechet. Craig S Wright by this time had been outed as Satoshi but had in 2016 publicly failed to convince the public with the cryptographic proof he provided. To which he later published the article I don't have the courage to prove I am the bitcoin creator. In essence this allowed many to disregard anything he offered to the crypto community though his company nChain was very much interested in providing the technical support to scale what he saw as the true implementation of bitcoin. Following debate around a set of planned protocol upgrades between a bitcoin node implementation by his company nChain and the developers of another client Bitcoin ABC (adjustable block cap), the two parties both dug their heels in and wouldn't compromise.
As it became clear that a fork was imminent there was a lot of vitriol tossed out towards Wright, another big billionaire backer Calvin Ayre and other personalities like Roger Ver and Jihan Wu. Craig's credibility was disregarded because of his failure to provide convincing cryptographic proof but still people who wanted to pursue the protocol upgrades that nChain were planning (as it best followed their interpretation of the bitcoin white paper) pursued his variant, while others who followed the socia consensus deferred to the positions of their personalities like Wu, Ver, and Sechet but even developers from Ethereum and other protocols chimed in to convince everyone that CSW is a fraud. This was referred to as the hash war and was the first time that the bitcoin protocol had been contentiously hard forked.

Hashpower is the CPU cycles you can commit to the Proof of Work function in bitcoin and the majority will generate the longest chain as they have the most proof of work. To win the contentious hard fork legitimately and make sure your chain will always be safe going forward you need to maintain your version of the blockchain with 51% of the hashpower on the network and force the other parties to continue to spend money on building a blockchain that is never going to be inserted in to the majority chain. As well as this you need to convince exchanges that you have the majority chain and have them feel safe to accept deposits and withdrawals so that they don't lose money in the chaos. This is how it would play out if both parties acted according to the rules of bitcoin and the Nakamoto Consensus.

There was a lot of shit talking between the two parties on social media with Craig Wright making a number of claims such as "you split, we bankrupt you" "I don't care if there is no ability to move coins to an exchange for a year" and other such warnings not to engage in foul play.. To explain this aftermath is quite tedious so It might be better to defer to this video for the in depth analysis but basically Roger Ver had to rent hashpower that was supposed to be mining BTC from his mining farm bitcoin.com, Jihan Wu did the same from his Bitmain Mining Farm which was a violation of his fiduciary duty as the CEO of a company preparing for an IPO. In this video of a livestream during the hashwar where Andreas Brekken admits to basically colluding with exchange owners like Coinbase, Kraken (exchange Roger Ver invested in), Bitfinex and others to release a patched ABC client to the exchanges and introducing "checkpoints" in to the BCH blockchain (which he even says is arguably "centralisation") in order to prevent deep reorgs of the BCH blockchain.
>"We knew we were going to win in 30 mins we had the victory because of these checkpoints that we released to a cartel of friendly businesses in a patch so then we just sat around drinking beers all day".
By releasing a patched client that has code in it to prevent deep reorgs by having the client refer to a checkpoint from a block mined by someone who supported BCHABC if another group of hash power was to try to insert a new chain history, this cartel of exchanges and mining farm operators conspired in private to change the nature of the bitcoin protocol and Nakamoto Consensus. Since the fork there have been a number of other BCH clients that have come up that require funding and have their own ideas about what things to implement on the BCH chain. What began to emerge was actually not necessarily an intention of scaling bitcoin but rather to implement Schnorr signatures to obfuscate transactions and to date the ABC client still has a default blocksize of 2MB but advertised as 16MB.
What this demonstrates for BCH is that through the collusion, the cartel can immediately get a favourable outcome from the developers to keep their businesses secure and from the personalities/developers to work on obfuscating records of transactions on the chain rather than scaling their protocol. After the SegWit fork, many from the BCH camp alleged that through the funding to Blockstream from AXA and groups that tied to the Bilderbergs, Blockstream would be beholden to the legacy banking and would be a spoke and hub centralised model, so naturally many of the "down with central banks anarcho capitalist types" had gathered in the BCH community. Through these sympathies it seems that people have been susceptible to being sold things like coin mixing and obfuscation with developers offering their opinions about how money needs to be anonymous to stop the evil government and central banks despite ideas like Mises’ Regression Theorem, which claims that in order for something to be money in the most proper sense, it must be traceable to an originally non-monetary barter commodity such as gold.
What this suggests is that there is an underlying intent from the people that have mechanisms to exert their will upon the protocol of bitcoin and that if obfuscation is their first priority rather than working on creating a scalable platform, this demonstrates that they don't wish to actually be global money but more so something that makes it easier to move money that you don't want seen. Roger Ver has often expressed sentiments of injustice about the treatment of Silk Road found Ross Ulbricht and donated a large amount of money to a fund for his defence. I initially got in to bitcoin seeking out the Silk Road and though I only wanted to test it to buy small quantities of mdma, lsd, and mescaline back in 2011 there was all sorts of criminal activity on there like scam manuals, counterfeits, ID, Credit Card info, and other darknet markets like armoury were selling pretty crazy weapons. It has been alleged by Craig Wright that in his capacity as a digital forensics expert he was involved with tracing bitcoin that was used to fund the trafficking of 12-16 year olds on the silk road. There have been attempts at debunking such claims by saying that silk road was moderated for such stuff by Ulbricht and others, but one only has to take a look in to the premise of pizza gate to understand that there it may be possible to hide in plain site with certain code words for utilising the market services and escrow of websites like the silk road. The recent pedo bust from South Korea demonstrates the importance of being able to track bitcoin transactions and if the first thing BCH wanted to do after separating itself from Satoshi's Vision and running on developer and cartel agendas was to implement obfuscation methods, this type of criminal activity will only proliferate.
Questions one must ask oneself then are things like why do they want this first? Are some of these developers, personalities and cartel businesses sitting on coins that they know are tarnished from the silk road and want to implement obfuscation practices so they can actually cash in some of the value they are unable to access? Merchants from the silk road 1 are still being caught even as recently as this year when they attempted to move coins that were known to have moved through the silk road. Chain analytics are only becoming more and more powerful and the records can never be changed under the original bitcoin protocol but with developer induced protocol changes like Schnorr signatures, and coinjoin it may be possible to start laundering these coins out in to circulation. I must admit with the cynicism I had towards government and law enforcement and my enjoying controlled substances occasionally I was sympathetic to Ross and donated to his legal fund back in the day and for many years claimed that I wouldn't pay my taxes when I wanted to cash out of bitcoin. I think many people in the space possess this same kind of mentality and subsequently can be preyed upon by people who wish to do much more in the obfuscation than dodge tax and party.
Another interesting observation is that despite the fact that btc spun off as a result of censorship around big block scaling on bitcoin, that subreddit itself has engaged in plenty of censorship for basically anyone who wants to discuss the ideas presented by Dr Craig Wright on that sub. When I posted my part 2 of this series in there a week ago I was immediately met with intense negativity and ad hominems so as to discourage others from reading the submission and my post history was immediately throttled to 1 comment every 10 mins. This is not quite as bad as cryptocurrency where my post made it through the new queue to gather some upvotes and a discussion started but I was immediately banned from that sub for 7 days for reason "Content standards - you're making accusations based on no evidence just a dump of links that do nothing to justify your claims except maybe trustnodes link (which has posted fabricated information about this subreddit mods) and a Reddit post. Keep the conspiracy theories in /conspiracy" My post was also kept at zero in bitcoin and conspiracy so technically btc was the least censored besides C_S_T.
In addition to the throttling I was also flagged by the u/BsvAlertBot which says whether or not a user has a questionable amount of activity in BSV subreddits and then a break down of your percentages. This was done in response to combat the "toxic trolls" of BSV but within bitcoincashSV there are many users that have migrated from what was originally supposed to be a uncensored subreddit to discuss bitcoin and many such as u/cryptacritic17 has have switched sides after having been made to essentially DOXX themselves in btc to prove that they aren't a toxic troll for raising criticisms of the way certain things are handled within that coin and development groups. Other prominent users such as u/jim-btc have been banned for impersonating another user which was in actual fact himself and he has uploaded evidence of him being in control of said account to the blockchain. Mod Log, Mod Damage Control, Mod Narrative BTFO. Interestingly in the comments on the picture uploaded to the blockchain you can see the spin to call him an SV shill when in actual fact he is just an OG bitcoiner that wanted bitcoin to scale as per the whitepaper.
What is essentially going on in the Bitcoin space is that there is a battle of the protocols and a battle for social consensus. The incumbent BTC has majority of the attention and awareness as it is being backed by legacy banking and finance with In-Q-Tel and AXA funding blockstream as well as Epstein associates and MIT, but in the power vaccum that presented itself as to who would steward the big block variant, a posse of cryptoanarchists have gained control of the social media forums and attempted to exert their will upon what should essentially be a Set In Stone Protocol to create something that facilitates their economic activity (such as selling explosives online)) while attempting to leverage their position as moderators who control the social forum to spin their actions as something different (note memorydealers is Roger Ver). For all his tears for the children killed in wars, it seems that what cryptoanarchists such as u/memorydealers want is to delist/shut down governments and they will go to any efforts such as censorship to make sure that it is their implementation of bitcoin that will do that. Are we really going to have a better world with people easier able to hide transactions/launder money?
Because of this power vacuum there also exists a number of different development groups but what is emerging now is that they are struggling for money to fund their development. The main engineering is done by self professed benevolent dictator Amaury Sechet (deadalnix) who in leaked telegram screen caps appears to be losing it as funding for development has dried up and money raised in an anarchist fashion wasn't compliant with laws around fundraising sources and FVNI (development society that manages BCH development and these donations) is run by known scammer David R Allen. David was founder of 2014 Israeli ICO Getgems (GEMZ) that scammed investors out of more than 2500 Bitcoins. The SV supported sky-lark who released this information has since deleted all their accounts but other users have claimed that sky-lark was sent personal details about themselves and pictures of their loved ones and subsequently deleted all their social media accounts afterwards.
There are other shifty behaviours like hiring Japanese influencers to shill their coin, recruiting a Hayden Otto that up until 2018 was shilling Pascal Coin to become a major ambassador for BCH in the Australian city of Townsville. Townsville was claimed to be BCH city hosting a BCH conference there and claiming loads of adoption, but at the conference itself their idea of demonstrating adoption was handing a Point of Sale device to the bar to accept bitcoin payments but Otto actually just putting his credit card behind the bar to settle and he would keep the BCH that everyone paid. In the lead up to the conference the second top moderator of btc was added to the moderators of townsville to shill their coin but has ended up with the townsville subreddit wanting to ban all bitcoin talk from the subreddit.
Many of the BCH developers are now infighting as funding dries up and they find themselves floundering with no vision of how to achieve scale or get actual real world adoption. Amaury has recently accused Peter Rizun of propagandising, told multiple users in the telegram to fuck off and from all accounts appears to be a malignant narcissist incapable of maintaining any kind of healthy relationship with people he is supposed to be working with. Peter Rizun has begun lurking in bitcoincashSV and recognising some of the ideas coming from BSV as having merit while Roger has started to distance himself from the creation of BCH. Interestingly at a point early in the BCH history Roger believed Dr Craig Wright was Satoshi, but once CSW wouldn't go along with their planned road map and revealed the fact he had patents on blockchain technology and wanted to go down a path that worked with Law, Roger retracted that statement and said he was tricked by Craig. He joined in on the faketoshi campaign and has been attempted to be sued by Dr Wright for libel in the UK to which Roger refused to engage citing grounds of jurisdiction. Ironically this avoidance of Roger to meet Dr Wright in court to defend his claims can be seen as the very argument against justice being served by private courts under an anarchocapitalist paradigm with essentially someone with resources simply being able to either flee a private court's jurisdiction or engage a team of lawyers that can bury any chances of an everyday person being able to get justice.
There is much more going on with the BCH drama that can be explained in a single post but it is clear that some of the major personalities in the project are very much interested in having their ideals projected on to the technical implementation of the bitcoin protocol and have no qualms spouting rhetoric around the anti-censorship qualities of bitcoin/BCH while at the same time employing significant censorship on their social media forums to control what people are exposed to and getting rid of anyone who challenges their vision. I posit that were this coin to become a success, these "benevolent dictators" as they put it would love their new found positions of wealth/dominance yet if their behaviour to get there is anything to go by, would demonstrate the same power tripping practices of censorship, weasel acts, misleading people about adoption statistics and curating of the narrative. When the hashrate from Rogers bitcoin.com minging operation on BCH dropped dramatically and a lot of empty blocks were being mined, his employer and 2IC moderator u/BitcoinXio (who stepped in to replace roger as CEO) was in the sub informing everyone it was simply variance that was the reason when only a few days later it was revealed that they had reduced their hash power significantly. This is not appropriate behaviour for one of the primary enterprises engaged in stewarding BCH and encouraging adoption nor is the inability to be accountable for such dishonest practices as well. It seems bitcoin.com treats btc as their own personal spam page where Roger can ask for donations despite it being against the sub rules and spin/ban any challenge to the narrative they seek to create.
Let's see how the censorship goes as I post this around a few of the same places as the last piece. Stay tuned for the next write up where I take a deep dive in to the coin that everyone doesn't want you to know about.
submitted by whipnil to C_S_T [link] [comments]

Blockchain Taps Blackrock and Goldman Sachs Vet as Its General Counsel

The London-based cryptocurrency firm Blockchain announced on Tuesday it has hired Howard Surloff, a former senior executive investment at firm Blackrock, to be its general counsel.
The move comes as Blockchain, best known for its wallet software, is expanding into the crypto exchange space, and is navigating ongoing regulatory uncertainty hanging over the larger cryptocurrency industry.
In an interview with Fortune, Surloff said he decided to leave the traditional banking world because he was looking to work in a startup environment—something he has experienced in the past overseeing new divisions at Blackrock and, prior to that, at Goldman Sachs.
“I hated wearing suits and I don’t have to do that here,” said Surloff. “I wanted something smaller, entrepreneurial, and intellectually challenging.”
At Blockchain, Surloff will work alongside Marco Santori, a prominent cryptocurrency attorney, who is staying on as the company’s President and Chief Legal Officer.
Surloff says he is deeply familiar with blockchain technology but is still learning the nuances of the legal issues surrounding cryptocurrency. He said he was not prepared to comment on why Blockchain did not join a consortium of crypto exchanges that on Monday announced a rating system to evaluate whether digital tokens are securities.
The legal status of digital tokens is a touchy subject for the crypto industry. The SEC has repeatedly signaled that all cryptocurrencies aside from Bitcoin and Ethereum are likely securities that can’t be sold to the general public. On Monday, the agency announced a $24 million fine against Block One, which undertook the largest ever token offering, raising $4 billion in 2017 for a token called EOS.
Surloff is not the first attorney from the traditional finance world to take on a senior role at a cryptocurrency firm. Others include Brian Brooks, who left his position as general counsel at mortgage giant Fannie Mae in 2018 to take the top legal job at Coinbase.

More must-read stories from Fortune:

WeWork IPO filing withdrawn as roadshow leads to a dead end
—Here’s all the tech Intel plans to launch at the [Tokyo 2020 Olympic Games
](https://fortune.com/2019/09/30/tokyo-2020-olympics-intel-technology/)—How SoftBank burns Silicon Valley bridges and [still comes out on top
](https://fortune.com/2019/09/26/softbank-wework-benchmark-ube)—Will the Bakkt launch help Bitcoin go mainstream?
—Listen to our audio briefing, [_Fortune_500 Daily
](http://fortune.com/radio/)[_Follow Fortune on Flipboard](https://flipboard.com/@fortune)_to stay up-to-date on the latest news and analysis.
* More Details Here
submitted by acerod1 to Business_Analyst [link] [comments]

What is ICO? A Beginner’s Guide

What is ICO? A Beginner’s Guide

https://preview.redd.it/20ilxe7h6sf31.jpg?width=672&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=62b210ed3a0c117152feb62a6d7f798f1840ae5e
ICO stands for “Initial Coin Offering”. In a nutshell, ICO is a process to raise fund for a specific project in terms of cryptocurrency, such as Ethereum or Bitcoin, in return for its tokens that can be used in its specific services or applications.
Similar to initial public offering (IPO), instead of money in terms of fiat currencies e.g. U.S. Dollars is being raised, cryptocurrency is raised to support the project for ICO. In return, a certain number of tokens that is built on its specific application blockchain technology will be allocated to the contributors instead of shares. These tokens can be traded on some private exchanges.
Alternatively, some may describe ICO as an alternative mean of crowdfunding to support blockchain-related projects by means of token sale, of which the tokens can be applied to their services and applications.

How Does ICO Work?

From a creator’s perspective, a service or application is to be built based on blockchain technology with protocol, set of rules and white paper being established. Afterwards, the creators will bring forward the white paper, which will illustrate the details of the project e.g. project idea and mechanism, implementation schedule, capital required etc; and arrange token pre-sale, sale, marketing and listing through various communication means and private exchanges.
ICO will be opened for a fixed amount of token sales within a certain period, which usually varies from a few weeks to a month. Some may open for various rounds of token sales with limited amount of token to be sold during each phrase. Furthermore, some ICO may offer pre-sale for privileged or selected investors at a discount before the actual sales date. In general, the token issuers will be transparent regarding the token mechanism and token allocation, which will usually state in the white paper.

How Can I Participate?

1. Acquire Bitcoin or Ethereum through Registration with a Cryptocurrency Online Exchange
To participate in ICO or token sales, you need to obtain Bitcoin or Ether, which are more commonly accepted for ICO, as ICO or token sales usually will not accept fiat currencies like US dollars. Since most of the project idea and application of the ICO are leverage on the Ethereumplatform, hence Ether may be more popularly acceptable in general while Bitcoin or even some other altcoin can still be acceptable depending of different ICOs.
If you do not own any cryptocurrency, you can consider registering an account with an online cryptocurrency exchange, and then purchasing Bitcoin or Ether through the online exchange. It usually takes a few days, which varies from different online exchanges, for a normal person to register with the online exchange service providers because of the Know-your-customer (KYC) and Anti-money Laundering (AML) regulations. Due to KYC and AML regulations, you are usually required to provide your personal particulars e.g. name, date of birth etc., official identity proof e.g. passport copy, and address proof to open an account with the online exchanges, which they will then process and validate your information.
After you successfully registered an account with the online exchanges, you can purchase for Bitcoin, Ether, or any other available cryptocurrencies with your USD, EUR etc. as transferred to the online exchange. The cryptocurrencies that you purchased will be sent directly to your online wallet of the online exchange that you registered.
As you will rely on the online exchanges to keep your cryptocurrencies for you, it may be risky to store your cryptocurrencies with them, of which you may lose your cryptocurrency, due to counter-party risk such as the online exchange may collapse or being attacked or hacked by others. Therefore, it may be safer to store your cryptocurrencies in a more secure software or hardware blockchain wallet that is under your control.
2. Establish your Cryptocurrency Wallet
Since most of the ICO or token sales are held on Ethereum platform, it is better to have an Ethereum-based wallet. Do note that not all blockchain wallets are suitable or compatible for ICO as some may only support Bitcoin storage but not Ethereum-based cryptocurrency.
Some popular desktop and web-based wallet are MetaMask and MyEtherwallet respectively. MetaMask looks like a browser that allows you to access the Ethereum network, which does not only allow you to store and transfer your cryptocurrencies, but also allow you to access applications that leverages on decentralized Ethereum network. MyEtherWallet is slightly different from traditional web-based wallets, which does not hold your private keys. Therefore, the wallet owner will have the control of the Ethereum’s private key. It is an open-source wallet with inbuilt blockchain and ethereum facility. The wallet can also connect with other hardware wallets e.g. Ledger Nano S or Trezor, which you can access to your funds in these hardware wallets via MyEtherwallet browser.
3. Cryptocurrencies Transferred from Online Exchange to your Cryptocurrency Wallet
Most of the online exchange may not offer the access to the new token as offered by the ICO, therefore, if you send Bitcoin or Ether to the ICO address, you may not be able to receive the new tokens. As a result, you need to transfer the cryptocurrency bought via the online exchange to your Ethereum-based wallet that support the new token of the ICO.
Instead of storing large amount of funds in these desktop or web-based wallets as mentioned above, you can simply use it for ICO purpose such as fund transfer or purchase of new tokens. It may be more secure to store your cryptocurrencies in a hardware wallet or paper wallet instead as compare to desktop or web-based wallets.

Some successful ICOs
4. Registered for ICO Whitelist
Some ICOs to require participants to register in their whitelist before the token sales launch date, which has become a common trend. If you do not enrol in the whitelist, you cannot participate in the token sales afterwards. Normally, only successful whitelist participants can participate in it.
In general, there may be some criteria for you to be able to participate in the whitelist and hence token sales, for instance, some may exclude participants from specific jurisdiction such as China, US etc. depending on the practice of each ICO. To apply, each participant may need to provide some personal information, which usually includes name, email, Ether wallet address etc., and some may also require passport copy for KYC purpose. Besides, you may also need to provide the target number of tokens that they wish to purchase during token sales. Generally, there is a cap for the number of tokens that each participant can purchase the participants may not be able to purchase more than the allocated amount.
5. Points to Note before Token Sales
After you have successfully registered in the ICO whitelist, you can participate in the ICO by purchasing its new tokens.
Before anyone who wish to proceed with the token sales, you should read carefully the general terms of the ICO including but not limited to the details of the whitepaper, the token mechanism and the token purchase agreement. Besides, there are usually step-by-step guidelines to advise you on how to purchase the ICO tokens as provided by the ICO initiator. To learn more about the latest news about the ICO and stay up-to-date, you can join their social media channels such as Telegram, Slack etc.
As mentioned earlier, there is a limited timeframe for ICO to be opened for token sales, which the ICO will either state clearly the specific time or block numbers. You should ensure that you are synchronising the same time-zone when a specific time is given. For specific block numbers being provided, you can apply Ethereum block explorer to check the block numbers.
6. Purchase ICO Tokens
If you decided to proceed with the token sales, you need to send Ether from your wallet to the address as stated by the ICO team once the token sale begins. In parallel, you are required to pay “gas” for the “transaction”, hence you will have to set a gas limit in your wallet.
Before we move on, what is “Gas”?
In a nutshell, when you transfer cryptocurrencies, engage in a Ethereum-based smart contractor do anything on the ethereum network, you need to pay transaction fees. The payment will be calculated in terms of “Gas” which is to be paid in terms of Ether. Since blockchain is a decentralized technology, it requires miners to validate and execute each transaction that you made through the Ethereum network. Therefore, you need to pay the transaction fee or computation cost to these miners so that they could validate and execute your transactions successfully.
After your transaction to transfer Ether is successfully validated, you may come across the several common scenarios regarding your receipt of tokens depending the mechanism of each ICO. For example:
  • You may receive your tokens a few days after your transactions
  • You may receive your tokens after the end of the token sales
  • You may need to claim your tokens manually after the token sales

Extra Points to Note:

  • After you obtain the new ICO tokens, it may be better for you to transfer to a more secure wallet such as hardware or paper wallet
  • Be careful that the ICO wallet address as stated in the ICO website may be fake. This is because some hackers may hack the ICO websites and replace their own wallet address with the real ICO address.
Original Blog Post: https://icoinsider.tech/what-is-ico/
Disclaimer: This is neither a legal nor an investment advice. It does not represent any parties, including but not limited to previous and existing employers, partners etc, viewpoint and opinion. Moreover, anything written in this article is purely personal view and should not be constructed as investment advice or recommendation to participate in ICO.
submitted by Tokenberry to NewbieZone [link] [comments]

An Idea to save ASM


An idea to save ASM: A path forward

📷
This is long.
(Part 1 is detailing the problems, Part 2 is ideas for the solution)
(please keep in mind I may edit this, as I may not have time to completely finish it in one sitting)
An Idea to Save ASM : A Path Forward
Greetings ASM investors. I know that these are dark times. Lots of negativity is present, and people are down on this company and down on the team, and down on Chris. To be clear, there is pretty good reason be negative and down at the moment. Your money is locked up, there is zero liquidity, you cannot withdraw, I don't think you can make deposits, there is some trouble with pay pal and other vendors who are needed to buy into the market, the stock is still worth nothing, and trade activity is quite low. In addition, there is only more trouble lying ahead, as we have seen with the disastrous results of MLB leaving the IPO phase. The other sports (if anyone even buys them) will have to leave the IPO phase as well...and then the same thing will happen to them..zero activity. ASM's fundamental way of generating revenue is activity. We need trades. The current forces in the market at present are making it such that it discourages trades and makes trading less desirable and more difficult. Why would we ever do this? what we need to do is create a situation where trading is easy, and traders are more active.
The other elephant in the room is money. It doesn't appear ASM has the money in secure accounts to pay people who want to close their accounts or cash out etc...The big sales pitch was that "once ASM takes off" the trade activity will go up, and the accounts will be funded, and we would be able to 1) cash out and also 2) the company stock would then be worth something more than zero. This has not happened. The big pitch was that regulation must happen first , and then we can really grow our user base and get more activity. This is backwards. We need to grow the user base FIRST. The only way to do that is by correcting the failed market and making it functional and active. I have some ideas that I think would work, or at the very least be a TRY to fix this company. If you agree that activity and trading MUST be the number one focus of the market please read on. If you do not agree that activity and trade volume should be our number one priority , my guess is you don't fully understand how ASM gets it's revenue...but if you do disagree, please make a post as to why this should not be the single most important goal (increasing trade volume).
Part 1: Current Problems that have led to a Failed Market
  1. Unfunded accounts
  2. Too much margin (with nothing backing it)
  3. Margin that has no expiration
  4. Margin that bears no interest
  5. No mechanism to pay off margin
  6. "No reason" to ever pay off margin (short term thinking)
  7. Lack of trade volume
  8. Technical problems
  9. professionalism / politcs
I will go through each item one at a time. PLEASE , if you would like to discuss an issue refer to the number in your post and I can make edits or add items..I am sure I have missed some things, but my intention is to add things as people think of them and keep this as a reference in case Chris or any of the ASM folks would like to look at it.
  1. Unfunded Accounts
This one is possible the biggest issue of all. It is one that most people haven't directly talked about but I believe it has caused us many problems. For example StartEngine or any other investor or group is going to ask "where is all of the money" the very first question they ask. If you get "bonus margin" and then make $10,000 with it....of profit..where is that money? Where is the profit? In my eyes it is a huge red flag that there isnt an account with the funds in it. This simply has to change. When someone makes a deposit they need to feel their funds are secure. When someone wants to close out an account, they need to be able to. If you cant fund the account, then DONT GIVE AWAY BONUS MARGIN. If we do some type of market reset, we need to keep the account 100% funded and we need to NEVER freeze people's accounts..we need to allow them to cash out and leave when they want. If giving bonus margin makes this too hard, then do not give even one cent of margin until such time as the ASM fund has enough money in it to pay everyone out. Period. It is unacceptable to have the account underfunded. If the market cap of the 'real' market is 100M and 98M is margin...where is the 2M of 'real' money? It needed to be there. We cant continue this.
2) Too much margin
There is too much margin in the market. This leads to all of the other problems and is a spiraling death cycle. This ios an existential threat to ASM. We can't pay out people who want to cash out. That means there was too much margin. The prices are inflated, and 40$ for Dodgers or even 15$ for the Rams is too much. NFL hasnt even left the IPO stage yet, so when it does the ROI will drop to the floor. The prices are artificial....the margin has pumped up the market because you cant take your money out and there is no 'penalty' for keeping margin....so you get an influx of money with no downward pressure to balance it. A market cannot function like this. ASM is proof of this, as we watch the pilot market fail. There is simply too much margin in the system. I am not sure but I believe the pilot market has a cap of something like $100M and of that, like $98M is margin. WIth nothing backing it. No one is going to be able to get that regulated. A margin , in the simplest terms is a LOAN. If you don't have the money, Chris, YOU CANT LOAN IT OUT. Period. Stop loaning people margin money that we do not have.
3) No expiration on margin
Margin is a loan. First of all loans have terms...We should have terms if we are going to loan people margin. As I said clearly in #2, we shouldnt even loan people money unless we have the money to loan them....thats simple...but #3 is all about terms. We can't loan people money with no expiration date...that just lasts forever. That leads to a situation as described in #2...TOO MUCH MARGIN. If the margin never goes away, and you keep giving more out, you end up where we are. In the future, we need to only loan margin that we have funded, and also have terms on it like expiration or other terms so that we do not build up a market with way too much margin and not enough real money.
4) No interest on margin
This could go in with #3 but again, margin terms. We are getting right now a one time 1% 'fee' for margin. So if you give $100 , you get 10k in margin. That is 1% in case you don;t have a calculator. Not 1% a year. Not 1% a month. A flat 1% one time fee. That's not enough for the risk. Obviously. we can't loan people margin we don't have. We cant let them have it forever, at no cost. And if we are going to risk loaning people margin, we can't do it for a 1% one time fee. It should be a reasonable interest rate with some reasonable pay back terms. Otherwise, if we don't we lead to unfunded accounts and too much margin. All of these problems feed into each other.
5) We do not have a way for people to pay back their margin
After years, there's still no button to pay back the margin or check your current margin balance. This is unacceptable as it is obviously in EVERYONE'S best interest to remove margin from the system so there isn't too much. Why on earth we didn't have this in there from the start is totally beyond me. But this needs to happen yesterday. Without a way to , you know, pay off margin....we can't correct the failed market/
6) No 'reason' to pay off margin
This is touched on in #3 and #4 but right now , on the surface there isn't a 'reason' anyone thinks they need to pay off their margin. But look deeper. The market is failing, the company is failing. Thats a pretty good reason to pay off margin...but guess what? Most people won;t pay it off even if they know it is in the best interest of the company because there is no external force motivating them to pay it off. I would have paid my margin off already of there was a method to do it. Some other people would as well, for sure. But many people won't. We have to make terms forcing people to pay it off, or it won't happen. #3 and #4 are pretty good reasons, and probably enough motivation for people to pay it off. So, if we are able to reset the market, we need to have some terms that force people to pay their margin off.
7) Lack of trade volume
All of these previous problems lead to only one thing. Less trading. Sure, there is an initial flurry of trades when someone buys margin, because they have to spend the margin but then what? Think about the percentages. Every time someone buys margin , and puts money in the market...the sports prices go higher. You are pricing out EVERY customer who doesn't buy margin. people who buy margin should be a vast MINORITY of the investors. We have this flipped around backwards. We need people to be able to come in on a saturday and buy some shares of their favorite football team, and then cash back out whenever they want, maybe even monday morning. We have to have easy payment methods for people. We have to have an easy Android phone app..we must make it as easy as possible for people to get in and out of the market. We have to have money in a bank account to pay people when they want to cash out. I put this toward the end , but the #1 most important goal we should have is to correct this problem. All decisions we make should be based on increasing activity level and trade volume (long term). Period.
8) Technical issues
I'm not going to comment too much on this but sports share prices not updating, Chris' decision to delete the forum, lack progress / updates to the android app & website etc..are all issues. Maybe not as important as the other ones, but should be mentioned out of completeness.
9) Professionalism / company branding / political & irrelevant rants
I don't think our CEO should be debating politics on LinkedIN or on our own forums. Period. The rants make him look unstable or obsessed , and possibly turn off 50% of our potential customers or investors. Why would we shut down our forums but then keep rambling about politics and bitcoin on them? Chris just needs to keep his mouth shut about current events and politics and focus on ASM. No one cares what his opnion is about Trump. This country is divided enough...let ASM and Sports be something that unites people.
Part 2: Solution
Ok I tried to lay out the problems as I see them, I am running out of time at my desk..but I think it is really important to lay out what I think is maybe not THE only solution but I honestly think something like this will have to be what the solution will look like....at least parts of it.
If youre still with me here...and you agree with most of the problems I have laid out above....then kudos to you. I didnt intend this to be so long but here we are.
If you have read what I wrote, you will notice that unfunded accounts and too much margin are pretty important to me. We simply have to correct this...and I started thinking about how to do that a long time ago. Its probably not going to come as a surprise that I think a pilot market reset is the only/best way to do this. Many people have been talking about this for a while, so let me repeat that:
A pilot market reset is the way forward.
We have to admit that the pilot market is a failure, and only then can we take the next logical step of trying to do a fair and full reset
This by itself isnt my "new" idea, but I have been struggling to think of exactly what that would look like, and I have a rough sketch or road map, that I would like to present. It is by no means complete..and we will all need to work on this together if we want ASM to survive. Here is my 'roadmap' to saving ASM:
Just to be very clear, this will take a while...It took two years to mess it up this bad, its not going to be an overnight fix to clear all of this margin off the books...BUT the faster we do this, the faster ASM can get some growth in traders/trading and get some revenue coming in.
Roadmap To Saving ASM - A fair and full market reset
  1. Stop selling margin immediately
  2. Create a mechanism to pay off existing margin
  3. Give a firm deadline to pay off margin, by selling shares of sports teams or making trades / dividends
  4. Once the deadline is passed, come up with a method to clear the margin from accounts who failed to meet the deadline.****
  5. #4 above is the most difficult part of this, there is another way I am working on. yes this will be hard and people won't like it. I will post more later on #4 and 5
  6. Once everyone's margin account is at zero, announce the date of the Market reset to give people time to make some last trades or collect more shares of teams they want by trading.
  7. As the trade deadline date approaches, all traders must fully spend all of the 'cash' in their accounts by buying shares of teams.
  8. At the reset deadline, freeze all trading.
  9. Completely reset the 4 markets (mlb, NFL, NBA, NHL). This means placing all shares back in their original IPO state.
  10. Reset the prices (value) of the team stocks to either $0.00 or $0.01 (they are indeed worthless, currently)
  11. Issue , share for share, any holdings that an investor had back to him with the value of $0.00 or $0.01....for example...If Golman had 100 shares in every team, issue him 100 shares of every team at the new value of a penny or 0.00.
  12. Never again issue any margin, unless we have the funds to back it and the mechanism in place to collect interest and have terms that benefit ASM in the long run.
  13. From this new moment onward, never again lock accounts out from being able to cash out if they desire.
  14. Re-Open the forums and delete all of the political garbage. People need a place to talk and it should be our own forum.
  15. Promise and be held accountable that any deposit made is as secure as any other investment, and keep the money in an account that is SEPARATE from ASM's share...and will always be there to let people withdraw as needed.
  16. Come up with other means of revenue / income other than selling margin ** difficult ** Ideas needed
  17. Let people buy in with real money, immediately after the reset is complete...and begin trading, and let them cash out if they want. Let the free market WORK god dammit. immediately.
  18. Chris should p;romise to keep personal / political / divisive ramblings off of the forums..perhaps NO ONE should be allowed to talk religion or politics etc..on our new forums.
  19. Stop talking about making a 'new' market apart from the 'pilot market with roller hockey. Just admit the pilot market has failed and do a reset
I have run out of time, so I cannot elaborate any more today on all of this. But I am going to edit my post maybe by Thursday, and explain more in detail how this would work. This, or something like this is most likely the only way we can BOTH reset the market and still reward the current group of investors.
The way I see it working, the sports shares are worth nothing right now because of all of the margin and lack of being able to cash out. So we reset the market, make the value start at $0.00, or a penny. Then, if people want to buy or sell THEY CAN, and people want to cash out they will. I can guarantee if we just let the market work , the prices will start going up again and more trades will happen.
This could be huge, and marketed as a re-grand opening type of event. I don;t see many other solutions, and I have thought about it a lot.
Thank you for reading this and of course comments and corrections are welcomed if I have made errors. I am sure I have made a lot of errors and I look forward to discussing this with you guys.
submitted by 707NorCaL707 to ASMEunfiltered [link] [comments]

End of day summary - 10/11

The Dow declined 545.91, or 2.13%, to 25,052.83, the Nasdaq lost 92.99, or 1.25%, to 7,329.06, and the S&P 500 dropped 57.31, or 2.06%, to 2,728.37.
It was a frenetic day of trading action on /thewallstreet. Stocks futures were suggesting sharp opening losses but closed the pre-market trading session well off their lows. The futures action led to modest losses at the open, though the major averages eventually crossed into positive ground. Stocks gained upside momentum and appeared on their way to recouping some of yesterday's pullback, but sellers emerged in the second hour of trading and another rout was on. Stocks are suffering through their worst week since March and at least 66% of the S&P is now in correction territory or worse.
At session lows, the S&P 500 was down 2.7%. Stocks were able to reclaim some losses in the final hour of trading following a Washington Post report that President Trump and Chinese leader Xi Jinping have agreed to meet at next month's G-20 summit in Argentina with hopes of resolving their trade conflict. That knee-jerk move higher was largely undone by the closing bell though.
A drop in bond yields did provide some relief for stock traders, who have been cautious since yields shot to multi-year highs last week. Yields on longer-dated issues fell quite a bit more than yields on shorter-dated issues, leading to a flattening of the yield curve; the yield on the 2-yr Treasury note slipped one basis point to 2.85%, while the benchmark 10-yr yield fell nine basis points to 3.13%.
That yield curve flattening weighed on lenders, which depend on the interest-rate differential between what they pay for deposits and what they make on loans. The S&P 500's financial sector lost 2.9%. The oil-sensitive energy sector was another notable underperformer, losing 3.1%, as crude prices fell to a three-week low, further retreating from multi-year highs. WTI crude fell 3.0% to $70.98/bbl.
All 11 S&P 500 sectors declined on Thursday. However, the communication services and information technology sectors, which contain many of the high-growth and widely-held names that have consistently led the market higher for some time, tried to stage a rebound after dropping sharply on Wednesday. The groups were up modestly intraday, but eventually finished lower by 0.8% and 1.3%, respectively; still, that's notably better than the broader market.
President Trump blamed the recent selling on the Federal Reserve, which he says has "gone crazy" with its rate hikes. When asked if he is considering firing Fed Chairman Jerome Powell, who he appointed, the president said he wouldn't, adding that he's "just disappointed."
From a technical standpoint, the S&P 500 got into trouble once again on Thursday, closing below its 200-day moving average (2766) for the first time since March, after breaching its 50-day moving average the day before. The Dow Jones Industrial Average also fell below its 200-day moving average (25140) and the Nasdaq Composite and Russell 2000 stayed below theirs.
Among the notable gainers was DAL, which gained 3.5% after the air line operator reported better than expected earnings for the third quarter and guided to revenue growth of about 8% in the fourth quarter. Also higher was GPRE, which rose 17.5% after it agreed to sell three ethanol plants to VLO for $328M. Among the notable losers was SQ, which dropped 11% after the payments company said CFO Sarah Friar will step down to become the chief executive officer of Nextdoor, a social network for neighborhoods founded in 2010. WBA shares fell 2% after the retail pharmacy company reported mixed quarterly results, posting better than expected earnings but lower than expected revenue. Walgreens also guided toward adjusted earnings growth of 7%-12% at constant currency rates in fiscal 2019.
Financial giants JPM, C and WFC will unoffically kick off the third quarter earnings season on Friday morning.
Also of note, VIX spiked once again on Thursday, jumping 11.8% to 25.57, marking its highest level since February.
European markets closed sharply lower on Thursday, impacted by steep losses in U.S. stocks. The pan-European Stoxx 600 closed the session provisionally down by 1.95 percent, with financial services and oil and gas stocks leading the losses. In the Greater China region, the Hang Seng index was down by 3.88 percent in afternoon trade. Over on the mainland, the Shanghai composite fell 5.22 percent to close at 2,583.46 and the Shenzhen composite plunged 6.445 percent to end at 1,293.90.

Currency

The U.S. Dollar Index is down 0.5% at 95.07, tracking its third consecutive decline. The Dollar Index followed yesterday's retreat with continued weakness during the overnight session. Another round of selling followed the morning release of a cooler than expected CPI report for September, but the Index recovered its post-CPI loss in short order.

Treasury

U.S. Treasuries ended Thursday on a higher note with longer tenors displaying relative strength. The overnight session saw continued weakness in Asian markets while equity indices across Europe also faced selling pressure. The selling in global equities was a supportive factor for the bond market, which began rallying after yesterday's cash close, receiving an initial boost after President Trump criticized the Federal Reserve's tightening policy once again. President Trump repeated his comments on Thursday afternoon, saying the Fed is "out of control." Treasuries padded their opening gains after the release of a cooler than expected CPI report for September. Midday action saw some backtracking, but longer tenors climbed to fresh highs during the late afternoon. The long bond remained at the forefront of the advance, rising to a session high after the completion of a strong $15 billion 30-yr bond reopening. The reopening drew a high yield of 3.344%, which stopped through the when-issued yield by a basis point. The strong sale followed yesterday's weak offerings of 3-yr and 10-yr debt.

Commodity

Oil prices slumped to more than two-week lows on Thursday as global stock markets fell, with investor sentiment made more bearish by a bigger-than-expected U.S. crude inventories build.

Crypto

Crypto markets shed almost $20 billion as major coins see double-digit losses.

YTD

  • Nasdaq Composite +6.2% YTD
  • S&P 500 +2.1% YTD
  • Dow Jones Industrial Average +1.4% YTD
  • Russell 2000 +0.6% YTD

AH news

  • Tencent Music postpones IPO until at least November, WSJ reports
  • Wynn Resorts enters U.S. sports betting partnership with BetBull
Summary scraped from the interweb. Took 1.57 seconds.
submitted by hibernating_brain to thewallstreet [link] [comments]

SWISSBORG´S DAILY INSIDER - WEEK 29

SWISSBORG´S DAILY INSIDER - WEEK 29
https://preview.redd.it/fju19cotz9a11.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=b067692877d380091a48eab1bc3376ab6731240d

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Friday, 20. July 2018

A Japanese Telecom Giant Wants to Use Blockchain to Store Contracts - CoinDesk Nippon Telegraph and Telephone is looking to invent a new contract agreements system based on blockchain technology.
OKEx, Malta Stock Exchange Partner to Develop Security Token Trading Platform OKEx has partnered with the Malta Stock Exchange to develop a security token trading platform headquartered on "Blockchain Island."
JPMorgan Wants to Use Blockchain to Issue ICO Tokens JPMorgan Chase is pursuing a patent for a distributed system that uses blockchain technology to issue ICO tokens.
Gas Price Up, Referendum II on Hold.
RSB2 token distribution ended yesterday! Because of the price volatility of Ether transactions and our desire to keep voting cost low for our community members the voting date has not yet been set. However, the market seems to be stable. We will closely monitor gas price during the weekend & the voting date will be announced as soon as possible.
Ethereum Average GasPrice Chart Source: Etherscan.io
Daily Performances
The technicals, news flows and decent pick up in volumes all show positive signals. Slight pull backs are expected but if $6800 on BTC holds the next upside target is the $7500-$7800 levels. So far the rally seems to be led by BTC as can be seen by a large drop in ETH/BTC spread to 0.062 (levels not seen since April), except for Stellar which continues to outperform the market. It may take some time to get broader market buying but this will signal a much stronger momentum.
Weekly Top 5 Price comparison
- BTC. - ETH - XRP - BCH . - EOS
---------------------------------------------------
https://preview.redd.it/vuftdzhz02b11.png?width=1042&format=png&auto=webp&s=d575819089b4caf72ac39dad28996a8ad4becd64
Technical Analysis - BTC
BTC has now broken the Head & Shoulders neckline at $6,870 and has rapidly moved past beyond it. The target of the formation is around $7,900 so we expect to reach that level in the next days/weeks. This is very positive overall on a medium to longer term perspective, the next major hurdle is the $8,000 level, where BTCUSD will meet a downtrend that has proven difficult to surpass last time.
https://preview.redd.it/6e81gfa412b11.png?width=1310&format=png&auto=webp&s=9b6393260fc0f29fcfd95fad5bf28bb6c18b42d9
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Thursday, 19. July 2018

U.S. Congress Strikes Positive Tone on Cryptocurrency in Latest Hearing A U.S. House subcommittee struck a postive tone on cryptocurrency during a hearing held on Wednesday in the nation's capitol.
Stellar (XLM) Skyrockets 30% to Reach 2 Month-High Stellar Lumens surged to the top of the cryptocurrency gainers on Wednesday as the price soared to a two-month high of around $0.31 at press time.
Bitcoin Volume at $6.4 Billion, Up 2x Since Last Week as Crypto Market Surges Volume of bitcoin, the most dominant cryptocurrency in the market, has risen by two-fold in a week, supporting recent mini bull rally of crypto market.
These Digital Monsters Live on Ethereum, But They'll Fight on Zilliqa A popular decentralized game couldn't take ethereum's slow, costly transactions. But it's not leaving the chain behind entirely.
Gas Price Up, Referendum II on Hold.
RSB2 token distribution has begun yesterday! Distribution will take place over the next 2 to 3 days. Because of the price volatility of Ether transactions and our desire to keep voting cost low for our community members the voting date has not yet been set. We are closely monitoring gas price & the voting date will be announced as soon as possible.
Ethereum Average GasPrice ChartSource: Etherscan.io
https://preview.redd.it/4vv0b0f06va11.png?width=1161&format=png&auto=webp&s=e64c43396b3e321798f806c564101fa243df552c
Daily Performances
The technicals, news flows and decent pick up in volumes all show positive signals. Slight pull backs are expected but if $6,800 on BTC holds the next upside target is the $7,500-$7,800 levels. So far the rally seems to be led by BTC as can be seen by a large drop in ETHBTC spread to 0.065 (levels not seen since April), except for Stellar which has seen strong outperformance over the last week (XLM +60% vs BTC +18%). It may take some time to get broader market buying but this will signal a much stronger momentum.
Weekly Top 5 Price comparison
- BTC. - ETH - XRP - BCH . - EOS
https://preview.redd.it/o58wiw856va11.png?width=1044&format=png&auto=webp&s=1a953f6eff0981dc421681e75c8ee804a7dc89ce
Technical Analysis - BTC
BTC has now broken the Head & Shoulders neckline at $6,870 and has rapidly moved past beyond it. The target of the formation is around $7,900 so we expect to reach that level in the next days/weeks. This is very positive overall on a medium to longer term perspective, the next major hurdle is the $8,000 level, where BTCUSD will meet a downtrend that has proven difficult to surpass last time.
https://preview.redd.it/2116ms496va11.png?width=1312&format=png&auto=webp&s=9d44a29ccd0255f59aa4f8a3375edca9c91ee210
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Wednesday, 18. July 2018

Japan Revamps Financial Regulatory Agency to Address Issues in FinTech, CryptocurrenciesJapan has overhauled its financial regulator, the FSA, in order to better deal with fintech-related fields, including cryptocurrencies, news outlet Nikkei Asian Review reported July 17.
Bitcoin Mining Giant Bitmain Opens 20,000 Sq. Foot Office in Silicon ValleyBitmain, the cryptocurrency industry’s most valuable company, has just opened an office in Silicon Valley ahead of its planned initial public offering (IPO) later this year.
Mastercard Wins Patent for Speeding Up Crypto PaymentsMastercard won a U.S. patent on Tuesday for a method of speeding up cryptocurrency payments.→ Coinbase Says It Now Has Regulatory Approval to List Security TokensCoinbase has reportedly received regulatory approval to acquire several securities firms – a move that could eventually see it supporting trading in tokens deemed as securities.
Gas Price Up, Referendum II on Hold.
The Gas is coming down and has reached a SafeLow of 4 Gwei today with a Time to Confirm of 0.8 min which is higher than yesterday. It does not seem stable enough at the moment and your vote may be expensive, which would make the referendum useless. We will keep you updated!
Ethereum Average GasPrice ChartSource: Etherscan.io
https://preview.redd.it/2pfud8x29oa11.png?width=1182&format=png&auto=webp&s=d27349fd068beb168267367b99af09b9d7fbf1be
Daily Performances
After having seen what may have been capitulation down to $5,800 at the end of June, BTC had stablized and begun to see some positive momentum. As we have mentioned previously, for choice the risk had been a large gap to the upside, and the reverse head and shoulders formation and the break above the key $6,800 level has catapulted BTC higher overnight. Although thin volumes still indicate a lack of large market participation and conviction, resilience to negative news of late and a slew of mainstream interest in crypto assets (ETFs, hedge funds, etc) should keep the market buoyant. With what appears to be a clear reduction of market overhang, the market is poised for further gaps up on back of positive news flows.
Weekly Top 5 Price comparison
- BTC. - ETH - XRP - BCH . - EOS
https://preview.redd.it/cshwrmn79oa11.png?width=1044&format=png&auto=webp&s=abc9c5af540d5882a1d5ff21137bd7a10d5560f1
Technical Analysis - BTC
BTC has now broken the Head & Shoulders neckline at $6,870 and has rapidly moved past beyond it. The target of the formation is around $7,900 so we expect to reach that level in the next days/weeks. This is very positive overall on a medium to longer term perspective, the next major hurdle is the $8,000 level, where BTCUSD will meet a downtrend that has proven difficult to surpass last time.
https://preview.redd.it/saofyh8g9oa11.png?width=1312&format=png&auto=webp&s=19ea688d1ab12eec4d52e883ebf243e2debc8518
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Tuesday, 17. July 2018

U.S. Regulators Approve Coinbase Acquisitions, Enabling It to List Security Tokens Coinbase has acquired the regulatory green-light to list select security tokens following three recent acquisitions.
Korean Crypto Giant Bithumb Eyes Japan and Thailand for Expansion Bithumb is awaiting the approval of Japanese Financial Services Agency (FSA) and Thai Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).
BlackRock, the World's Largest Asset Manager, is Exploring Cryptocurrencies BlackRock, the world's largest asset manager, has set up a working group to explore how to profit from the burgeoning cryptocurrency ecosystem.
Hong Kong Trade Finance Will Fight Fraud With a Blockchain-Based Platform The Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA) has partnered with Chinese Ping An to release a blockchain-based trade finance platform.
Gas Price Up, Referendum II on Hold.
The Gas is coming down and has reached a SafeLow of 2 Gwei today with a Time to Confirm of 3 min. We would make a decision these 2 days if the price stabilises at this level. We will keep you updated!
Ethereum Average Gas Price ChartSource: Etherscan.io
https://preview.redd.it/xabbmbxosga11.png?width=1182&format=png&auto=webp&s=9507f1cb257b6e2a29bc6113f938c17feac96bd3
Daily Performances
Some positive news coming out over the weekend with regards to more mainstream investments in Crypto/Blockchain has pushed BTC back higher and above 20DMA. Technically, it looks like the inverted head & shoulders is taking shape. Although it is not valid until a breakout happens at around 6850/6900, the formation is a positive signal.
Weekly Top 5 Price comparison
- BTC. - ETH - XRP - BCH . - EOS
https://preview.redd.it/s5n7tj38lga11.png?width=1044&format=png&auto=webp&s=c620d2ccef562fc698eb1eb2a7f0f9057c7e51d4
Technical Analysis - ***BTC***BTCUSD is potentially completing an inverted head and shoulder pattern. Should it complete the right shoulder and break above the neckline, currently at $6,750, we would expect to see an upwards impulse towards $8,000, where it would meet the downward trend resistance. At this time, we are awaiting to see how this formation plays out.
https://preview.redd.it/4rwp1yhclga11.png?width=1312&format=png&auto=webp&s=5d3126f44f8118f64c681c914377c7e1b2a97c38
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Monday, 16. July 2018

Coinbase is Exploring Cardano, Basic Attention Token, Stellar Lumens, Zcash, and 0xWe are exploring the addition of several new assets, and will be working with local banks and regulators to add them in as many jurisdictions as possible.
American Express Thinks Blockchains Could Help Prove PaymentsAmerican Express is on the hunt for better ways of proving when transactions occur and a new patent filing suggests the financial services giant may be looking at blockchain as part of a possible solution.
Top Swiss Stock Exchange Says It Is ‘Open’ to Offering Crypto Trading on Its Platform Top Swiss Stock Exchange, has revealed that it is “open” to the possibility of offering cryptocurrency trading services on its digital trading platform.
Gas Price Up, Referendum II on Hold.
Over the weekend, the Gas price has hit 94 Gwei SafeLow but violently recovered below 6 Gwei today with a Time to Confirm of 2.2 min. This unusually high price of Ethereum transactions would make the distribution of the RSB2 and your participation too costly, reducing the participation and therefore the usefulness of the referendum. We are looking at the market closely and we will announce distribution as soon as possible when the cost of transactions drop to the target price of 2-3 Gwei.
Ethereum Average GasProce Chart
Source: Etherscan.io
https://preview.redd.it/wtih3su41aa11.png?width=1186&format=png&auto=webp&s=d00286891de9ad24d0140386d24f5c6330be952d
Daily Performances
Crypto markets continue building momentum, with the top five of cryptocurrencies by market cap firmly in the green.
Weekly Top 5 Price comparison
- BTC. - ETH - XRP - BCH . - EOS
https://preview.redd.it/p4rutpbb0aa11.png?width=1080&format=png&auto=webp&s=77c3819fa3de53a34e4abb06b14cf1ee1278439a
Technical Analysis - BTC
BTCUSD is potentially completing an inverted head and shoulder pattern. Should it complete the right shoulder and break above the neckline, currently at $6,740, we would expect to see an upwards impulse towards $8,000, where it would meet the downward trend resistance. At this time, we are awaiting to see how this formation plays out.
https://preview.redd.it/diw93b8g0aa11.png?width=1348&format=png&auto=webp&s=955433bb2c03595a89dfb16eebd9f6f9c81be965
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Many thanks to Mariem @SwissBorg for providing us with THE latest news.
Disclaimer: Insider aims to provide our community with updates and information regarding financial markets and the blockchain world.This is our way of communicating with our community. It is meant to be used for informational purposes not to be mistaken for financial advice.Our opinion, when shared, is just that, it may not apply directly to your individual situation. Any information gleaned here is to be used at the readers' own risk, SwissBorg does not accept any responsibility for individual decisions made based on reading our daily blog. Any information we provide on our daily blog is accurate and true to the best of our knowledge, there may be omissions, errors or mistakes.
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